Flashcards in qualitative research Deck (45):
Qualitative research is useful when
little is known about a subject or problem
Samples in qualitative studies are:
Qualitative researchers believe that:
the social world is constructed through human activity.
A methodological approach that studies the lived experience of individuals is:
Deborah Ward’s study of students’ experience of infection control in clinical placements was:
a general qualitative approach
do not need to represent the population from which they came.
The strongest sampling strategy in Qualitative Research is
The sample size in qualitative research is BEST determined by:
Purposive sampling involves:
selecting participants who can give you the most information.
There are a number of different ways to select a sample in qualitative studies and many different words and phrases to describe the...
The weakest form of sampling is ? sampling
While convenience sampling can be useful when the researcher begins a study, it should ideally be followed by
Another sampling approach involves asking ? to identify people they know with a similar experience so that they can be approached to take part in the study.
asking participants to identify people they know with a similar experience so that they can be approached to take part in the study is known as ? sampling
Another type of ? is used by grounded theorists, and is described as ? sampling
They use this approach to find participants to help them to develop and 'test out' emerging ? about the issue being researched.
Deborah Ward used yet another approach in her paper about student nurses' experiences of ? control.
She described this as ? sampling.
Observations can be recorded using:
all of the above?
An interview topic guide is:
a set of headings that guides the discussion.
Focus groups can be useful:
to encourage discussion about a topic
The OPTIMAL size for a focus group is:
Deborah Ward collected the data for her study using:
Which of the following is NEVER an aim of qualitative data analysis:
to attribute cause.
In qualitative data analysis:
counting can be useful.
Software packages in qualitative data analysis:
help with organizing the data.
Which of the following did Deborah Ward use to analyze her data?
Qualitative data analysis has a number of aims. An overall aim of all data analysis, be it ? or quantitative is data ?
This makes reams of data more ? and helps the researcher to see what is there.
Another aim of qualitative data analysis can be to generate ? or questions that can then be tested using ? methods.
This is not the case with all qualitative research, however, the findings of which can sometimes be an end in ?
Ethnographers tend to simply ? the data.
They do this in great detail which is often referred to as ? or 'thick' description.
The aim of data analysis for grounded theorists is a step beyond this which is to develop ?
If this is not in evidence in the paper or report from the study, it is not a ? theory!
An audit trail is:
the decisions made by the researcher to reach the conclusions presented.
researching the topic from different perspectives.
It is important to present quotes from:
a variety of participants
In a qualitative paper you would expect the relationship between the researcher and participants to be
Qualitative researchers prefer to use alternatives to the terms validity and ? that are used to assess the ? of ? studies.
In fact, some qualitative researchers prefer to use the term ? in preference to rigour.
For reliability, or 'repeatability' in quantitative research, ? researchers use the term ?.
For internal validity (the extent to which a tool measures what is purports to ?, qualitative researchers use the term ?
For generalisability (also known as external validity) qualitative researchers use the term ?