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Flashcards in qualitative research Deck (45):
1


Qualitative research is useful when

little is known about a subject or problem

2


Samples in qualitative studies are:

usually small.

3

Qualitative researchers believe that:


the social world is constructed through human activity.

4


A methodological approach that studies the lived experience of individuals is:


phenomenology.

5


Deborah Ward’s study of students’ experience of infection control in clinical placements was:

a general qualitative approach

6


Qualitative samples:

do not need to represent the population from which they came.

7

The strongest sampling strategy in Qualitative Research is


purposive

8

The sample size in qualitative research is BEST determined by:

data saturation.

9


Purposive sampling involves:

selecting participants who can give you the most information.

10

There are a number of different ways to select a sample in qualitative studies and many different words and phrases to describe the...

approaches

11

The weakest form of sampling is ? sampling

convenience

12

While convenience sampling can be useful when the researcher begins a study, it should ideally be followed by

purposive

13

Another sampling approach involves asking ? to identify people they know with a similar experience so that they can be approached to take part in the study.

participants

14

asking participants to identify people they know with a similar experience so that they can be approached to take part in the study is known as ? sampling

snowball

15

Another type of ? is used by grounded theorists, and is described as ? sampling

sampling, theoretical

16

They use this approach to find participants to help them to develop and 'test out' emerging ? about the issue being researched.

theory

17

Deborah Ward used yet another approach in her paper about student nurses' experiences of ? control.

infection

18

She described this as ? sampling.

non-probability volunteer

19


Observations can be recorded using:

all of the above?

20


An interview topic guide is:

a set of headings that guides the discussion.

21


Focus groups can be useful:

to encourage discussion about a topic

22


The OPTIMAL size for a focus group is:

8-10

23


Deborah Ward collected the data for her study using:


semi-structured interviews.

24

Which of the following is NEVER an aim of qualitative data analysis:

to attribute cause.

25


In qualitative data analysis:

counting can be useful.

26


Software packages in qualitative data analysis:

help with organizing the data.

27


Which of the following did Deborah Ward use to analyze her data?

framework analysis.

28

Qualitative data analysis has a number of aims. An overall aim of all data analysis, be it ? or quantitative is data ?

qualitative
reduction

29

This makes reams of data more ? and helps the researcher to see what is there.

manageable

30

Another aim of qualitative data analysis can be to generate ? or questions that can then be tested using ? methods.

hypothesis
quantative

31

This is not the case with all qualitative research, however, the findings of which can sometimes be an end in ?

themselves

32

Ethnographers tend to simply ? the data.

describe

33

They do this in great detail which is often referred to as ? or 'thick' description.

rich

34

The aim of data analysis for grounded theorists is a step beyond this which is to develop ?

theory

35

If this is not in evidence in the paper or report from the study, it is not a ? theory!

grounded

36


An audit trail is:

the decisions made by the researcher to reach the conclusions presented.

37

Triangulation involves


researching the topic from different perspectives.

38

It is important to present quotes from:

a variety of participants

39

In a qualitative paper you would expect the relationship between the researcher and participants to be

described

40

Qualitative researchers prefer to use alternatives to the terms validity and ? that are used to assess the ? of ? studies.

reliability
rigor
quantitative

41

In fact, some qualitative researchers prefer to use the term ? in preference to rigour.

trustworthiness

42

For reliability, or 'repeatability' in quantitative research, ? researchers use the term ?.

qualitative
dependability

43

For internal validity (the extent to which a tool measures what is purports to ?, qualitative researchers use the term ?

measure
credability

44

For generalisability (also known as external validity) qualitative researchers use the term ?

transferability

45

Even the term objectivity is contested in qualitative research, which is highly interpretive. The preferred term is ?

confirmability