Flashcards in quantitative research Deck (20):
A methodology in research is
a set of principles that directs research
A quantitative methodology
is only concerned with phenomena that can be objectively measured
Which of the following is NOT a key feature of quantitative research?
The results must only be clearly described in words.
Case control studies
are a type of observational study
Which of the following is NOT one of the Bradford Hill criteria for causation.
The triangulation of the relationship
Null Hypothesis testing is:
where a statement is made about there being 'no difference' between groups.
In quantitative research terms, an AIM is:
the overall /broad statement of what you intend to do.
The 'study sample' is:
patients drawn from the study population.
The main reason for using randomisation to allocate treatments to patients in a controlled trial is to:
prevent certain types of bias.
A method of allocation LEAST LIKELY to achieve balance of important patient characteristics between groups is to use:
Reliability addresses whether:
repeated measurements or assessments provide a consistent result given the same initial circumstances.
The main outcome for a study is called:
The primary outcome
Validity in a study means:
the measurement tool measure what it is intended to measure
Which of these is a threat to internal validity in a trial?
The Hawthorne effect is:
A participant's response to being in a study
A type 2 error is:
a false negative result
Which of the following 'p values' would be the MOST statistically significant?
Statistics that produce 'p values' are called
Baseline data is:
the data that is collected before the intervention but after the recruitment.