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Flashcards in quantitative research Deck (20):
1

A methodology in research is

a set of principles that directs research

2


A quantitative methodology


is only concerned with phenomena that can be objectively measured

3

Which of the following is NOT a key feature of quantitative research?

The results must only be clearly described in words.

4

Case control studies

are a type of observational study

5


Which of the following is NOT one of the Bradford Hill criteria for causation.

The triangulation of the relationship

6

Null Hypothesis testing is:

where a statement is made about there being 'no difference' between groups.

7


In quantitative research terms, an AIM is:

the overall /broad statement of what you intend to do.

8


The 'study sample' is:

patients drawn from the study population.

9


The main reason for using randomisation to allocate treatments to patients in a controlled trial is to:

prevent certain types of bias.

10


A method of allocation LEAST LIKELY to achieve balance of important patient characteristics between groups is to use:

Simple randomisation

11


Reliability addresses whether:


repeated measurements or assessments provide a consistent result given the same initial circumstances.

12


The main outcome for a study is called:

The primary outcome

13

Validity in a study means:

the measurement tool measure what it is intended to measure

14

Which of these is a threat to internal validity in a trial?

Maturation

15

The Hawthorne effect is:

A participant's response to being in a study

16

A type 2 error is:


a false negative result

17

Which of the following 'p values' would be the MOST statistically significant?

p≤0.001

18

Statistics that produce 'p values' are called

inferential statistics

19

Baseline data is:


the data that is collected before the intervention but after the recruitment.

20


Which level of measurement has a fixed zero?

Ratio