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IB Geography HL 2017 > Quest #1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quest #1 Deck (17)
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List two occupations in geography

Any two of:
1. Cartographer
2. Commercial/Residential Surveyor
3. Police
4. Environmental consultant
5. Geographical information systems officer
6. Planning and development surveyor
7. Secondary school teacher
8. Town planner
9. Recycling officer
10. Landscape architect
11. Conservation officer


List the 3 areas of geography

1. Human (human interaction)
2. Physical (physical elements/processes)
3. Environmental (human interaction with the environment)


List the 5 themes of geography

1. Location
2. Place
3. Human/Environmental Interaction
4. Movement
5. Regions


Describe the theme: Location

"Where is it? Why is it located there?"
-Absolute location is given in degrees of latitude and longitude
-Relative location depends upon points of reference (ie. near, far, a short drive.)


Describe the theme: Place

"What is it like?"
-Physical characteristics: landforms (mountains, plains, etc.), bodies of water (oceans, lakes, bay, etc.), ecosystems (soil, plants, animals, and climate)
-Human characteristics: bridges, roads, buildings, culture, language
-All places must have features that distinguish them from other places.


Describe the theme: Human/Environmental Interaction

"How do people interact with and change their environment?"
-Depend on the environment
-Adapt to the environment
-Modify the environment


Describe the theme: Movement

"How are people and places linked by communication and the flow of people, ideas, and goods?"
-Transportation, communication, trade
-Patterns of movement such as migration
-Linkages and connections


Describe the theme: Region

"What are their unifying features and how do they form and change over time?"
-Regions are a basic unit for geographic study
-Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret
-Regions can be defined on the basis of: physical and human characteristics
-Places that have similar economic, political, physical, or human characteristics (features) that you are comparing. A place may be in more than one region.


List the MDGs

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Promote gender equality and empower women
4. Reduce child mortality
5. Improve maternal health
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Develop a global partnership for development


1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

-Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a day
-Achieve Decent Employment for Women, Men, and Young People
-Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger


2. Achieve universal primary education

- By 2015, all children can complete a full course of primary schooling, girls and boys


3. Promote gender equality and empower women

- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015


4. Reduce child mortality

-Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate


5. Improve maternal health

-Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
-Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health


6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

-Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
-Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
-Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases


7. Ensure environmental sustainability

-Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs; reverse loss of environmental resources
-Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
-Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (for more information see the entry on water supply)
-By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers


8. Develop a global partnership for development

-Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
-Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
-Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
-Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
-In co-operation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries
-In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications