Quiz 1 Flashcards
What is the study of ethical systems?
What is the definition of ethics?
Ethics describes individual character of a person. It also asks what is right or wrong in a society.
Practices or rules of desirable proper behavior of individuals in society. (Associated with customs). Morality asks how should we behave toward others. Prescriptive or descriptive.
When something is considered morally wrong it is called?
When something is considered amoral, it means?
Having no moral sense. Indifferent to right or wrong.
Outside the realm of morality all together.
What are meaningful statements describing states of affairs. The statements must be either true or false.
When a proposition is false, it describes a state of affairs that occurred, is occurring, or will happen in the future. True or false.
False. It describes a state of affairs that did not occur, is not occurring, or will not occur..
Truth is absolute and not relative to belief, knowledge, person, place, or time. True or false.
Name 5 reasons we establish moral rules.
- Create social order
- Relieve human suffering
- Promote human flourishing (excellence)
- Resolve conflicts of interests in just ways
- Enlightened self-interest
Name 4 aspects of morality.
- Religious - in relationship with a supernatural or God
- Nature - in relationship with nature
- Individual - individual code or conscience
- Social - human relationships with each other
Name 6 stages of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development.
- Doing the right thing avoids punishment
- You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours
- Others will think well of you (good boy-nice girl)
- Doing the right thing allows society to function (duty, law, order)
- Doing the right thing promotes the welfare of all people and protects the interests of others
- Principled ethics from conscience leads to justice (Golden Rule)
Ethics is: A. The study of knowledge B. The study of human behavior C. The study of right and wrong D. The study of what is socially acceptable.
C. The Study of right and wrong
The belief that "all humans should act in their own self interest" is held by: A. Fatalists B. Utilitarians C. Psychological egoists D. Universal ethical egoists
D. Universal ethical egoists.
"If it feels good, do it" is a popular slogan that reflects: A. Act nonconsequentialism B. Rule nonconsequentialism C. Egoism D. Virtue ethics.
A. Act nonconsequentialism.