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history of theatre: 19c > Quiz 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (49):
1

18C

- Age of Reason, age of enlightenment, age gentility age of Rococo, Age of absolutism
- Influence of Bourgeoisie=sentimentality, moralizing, artistic blandness
- Baroque into Rococo(Rocailles & coquilles)
- Tragedy & Comedy gave way to le drame

2

The author of The barber of Seville and The marriage of Figaro

Pierre Augustin de Beaumarchais

3

1815 Congress of Vienna

dominated by Metternich & Tallyrand

4

Age of Enlightment

French philosophers, Voltaire, Diderot
Crumbling of class Barriers

5

Age of Reason

Influnece of science and Rationalism
Skepticism about religion

6

Age of Gentility

good manners, politeness, refined tastes

7

Diderot's

Encyclopedie

8

Influence of the Bourgeoisie(Middle Class)

- Artistic blandness
- Sentimentalizing
- moralizing
- money vs aristocratic bloodline(Family)
- Large theatre

9

The arts in the 18 C ; (1)

Painting, architecture & decorative arts
Baroque evolved in to Rococo

10

The arts in the 18 C ; (2)

Literature
- Essays
- Rise of the novel

11

The arts in the 18 C ; (3)

theatre
- dominance of opera
- drama replacing comedy and tragedy
- Serious drama with happy ending

12

18C Countries; Italy(and vienna)

continuing leadership in scene design & opera

13

18C Countries; France

leftover 17C cultural prestige; Opera comique

14

18C Countries; England

Age of great actors

15

18C Countries; Spain

imitating 17C French neoclassicim

16

18C Countries; German lands

sudden awakening to theatre

17

18C Countries; Russia & Scandinavia

strong French influences; Gradual awakening to theatre

18

18C Countries; Low Countries

prosperous but unexciting; influences from france, England & Italy

19

18C France

had achieved cultural pre-eminence in Europe
Political influence declined after the death
french was the language of international diplomacy

20

Diderot

wrote plays and dramatic theory
calling for Le Drame
Encyclopedia; Architecture & stage machinery

21

Rousseau

romanticism & natural man & noble savage

22

18C French forerunners paved

the way to a 19C sensibility

23

Aesthetic movements in 19C; 1800s-1840s

Melodrama
Vaudevilles
Romanticism

24

Aesthetic movements in 19C; 1840s - 1880s

Pieces Bien Faites
Pieces a These
Realism

25

Aesthetic movements in 19C; 1880s - 1900s

Naturalism
Symbolism & Decadence
Boulevard Comedy
Neo-Romanticism

26

theatrical reforms pioneered by

Carolina Neuber

27

Gotthold Lessing

Hamburg Dramaturgie and plays

28

August Wilhelm Schelegel

translated 17 Shakespeare plays into German

29

1770s German

Sturm and Drang(=Storm and Stress)

30

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1775

settled in Duchy of Saxe-Weimar at invitation of Grand Duke Karl August

31

Weimar Court theatre became a professional operation with Goethe as

" Artistic Director of the Theatre, with unrestricted powers"

32

German speaking lands

- Cultural Development Lagged behind the rest of Europe
- no unified culture because the land was divided small independent political
- Medieval entertainment forms were still prevalent as late as the 18C
- Strolling players
- Jesuit scool
- Protestant school
- Italian Opera

33

A woman begin the miracle

Carolina Neuber

34

Carolina Neuber

- trailblazing actress and touring company manager who devoted herself
- supported by gottsched
- died in poverty, thinking she had failed mission to upgrade
- effort with touring troupe performing

35

World's first dramaturg

Gotthold Lessing

36

Gotthold Lessing published

Hamburgische dramaturgie
; for Hamburg national theatre

37

Johann Elias Schlegel

Playwright who appreciated Shakespeare

38

Karl Friedrich Schinkel

Set designer, painter, architech

39

August Wilhelm Schlegel

Writer and Philosopher

40

Sturm and Drang(=Storm and Stress) is

German Literary movement of the 1770s

41

Sturm and Drang(=Storm and Stress)

- revolution in France
- Melodramas
- Novels
- Revival of Interest

42

German youth Revoluted against

Ideas & Values of Reason

43

Sturm and Drang(=Storm and Stress) about

- Ideals of Freedom
- Cynical about chances for change
- Glorified feelings over reason
- Rebelled against arbitrary restriction
- Preferred Shakespeare over Racine
- Freedom of form
- Mix of genres
- Interest in Medieval Heritage

44

Young German writers of the 1770s

Professed Interest in Volk, who lived in Nature

45

Goethe's 1st Sturm & Drang

Goetz von Berlichkoen
- poesthetic hands

46

Goethe's novel best seller

"The sorrow of Young Werther"
- called "Werther Fever"

47

Weltschmerz

common among young
people in love
intense emotion

48

F. M. V. Klinger

"Emotion is everything"

49

Romanticism

Feeling, emotion, sensitivity, imagination