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Flashcards in Quiz 6 Deck (51):
1

Russia tied to

Slavic Pagan Rituals & Folk Customs

2

Slavic Pagan Rituals and Folk customs are

Singing games
Animal costumes for mumming
Folk wedding rituals

3

Skomorokhi(900s -1600s)

acrobatics/trained bears/puppetry/entertainers
was a professional wandering multi-talented entertainer
might dance, play flute or gusli

4

Skomorokhi puppeteers

stood inside a leather bag with the puppet stage on his head

5

Russian theatre got a late start
western Europe had already been through medieval, renaissance& neoclassical drama when ______asked for some theatre in 1692

Tsar Alexei

6

_______ Lutheran minister in the german suburb

Father Gregory

7

______Theatre flourished: Count Nikolai Sheremetyev & Zhemchugova

Serf

8

Adapted Hamlet=first Shakespear in Russian
appointed director of the Russian National drama Theatre

Alexander Sumarokov

9

1672 Russia

1st play performed in Russia
- the beginning of Russia theater
At the court of Tsar Alexei
staged by Johan Greggory
the bible story
performances repeated for 10 hours
Tsar was the only audience for the 1st performance October 1672

10

Peter the great

led Barbaric Russia to accept
western standards of Civilization
some amateurish theatre in Moscow for small audiences

11

Empress Anna

revived theatre after five years of neglect following death of peter great
germanic tastes

12

Empress Elizabeth

signed decree in 1756 to establish a Russian national drama theatre

13

rise French influence in Russia

many germans conducted trade with 18th C Russia
Italian architects
Russian nobility spoke French

14

Catherine the great

Corresponded with French Enlightenment
Encouraged theatre philosophers

15

Alexander Sumarokov(director)

1st Russian aristocrat to choose a literary career
wrote the first Russian neoclassical play: Khoren(1744)
adapted Shakespeare
ran the first Russian professional theatre company with Volkov

16

Fyodor Volkov (Artistic director)

Merchant's son wrote did amateur theatre in Yaroslavi in 1750
invited to St. Petersburg and saw Sumarokov's cadet academy theatricals
1756 Decree establishing permanent company: SumaroKov as director, Volkov and asst. & actor

17

Count Nikolai Sheremetyev

fell in love with one of his serf girls who performed under the name Zhemchugova(stage name=pearl)

18

Denis Ivanovich Fonvizin(1745-1792) wrote

The Minor(Nedorosl) - (1782)
- the earliest Russian play still in the repertorie

19

Count Sheremetyev built her

a Palace in Moscow

20

Denis Ivanovich Fonvizin(1745-1792)

1st playwright
wrote comedies influenced by Moliere
and showing the backwardness of Russian life
The Brigadier(1766)

21

Maly theatre(1824) for____________

Spoken Drama, Moscow

22

1825, ______ for opera & ballet(burned 1853, rebuilt 1856)

Bolshoi theatre
- Kamenny theatre(Stone theatrE) became imperial Bolshoi Kamenny theatre

23

Heritage theatre

attached to Winter palace in St. Petersburg
- built for Catherine the great

24

Alexander Griboyedov

wrote the 1st true masterpiece
Gore ot uma(Wit works woe)(1823)
- "Sorrow come out of intelligent"
- could not get published or produced
wrote essays
translated Moliere

25

Gore ot Uma

comic masterpiece
contributed many aphorisms
to the Russian language
satirical yet realistic portrayal of Russian Society
a cut version was published

26

Russian Romanticism

Short lived in Russia
was more evident in painting & poetry than in Drama
why; Russians are genetically more comfortable with realism
Russian sentiments could be dangerous under a repressive Tsar

27

two great Russian Writedr of Romantic drama

Mikhail Lermontov
Alexander Sergeivich Pushkin

28

Mikhail Lermontov

romantic poet, playwright, novelist
A hero of our time(semi-auotobiographical novel)
Masquerade(1835)

29

Masquerade(1835)

his great romantic drama
influenced by Shakespeare & schiller

30

Alexander Sergeivich Pushkin

all time greatest Russian writer
romantic poet, short story writer & playwright
Boris Godunov(1825)

31

Das Junge Deutschland 1830s

young Germany movement

32

Georg Buchner(1813 - 1837)

Woyzech(1837)

33

Friedrich Hebbel(1813-1863)

Maria Magdalena(1846)

34

in Vienna before the great war, all aspects of life were

theatricalized
- the city was a stage for illusions

35

Vienna's coffeehouses

throughout the 19C A Viennese person's regular coffeehouse served as a second home
- Newspapers in Dozens of languages-censored

36

Vinenna theatre

popular low comedy theatre
theatre opened in Schonbrunn palace in 1747
Hofburg theatre(Court theatre) opened in city center in 1741
the minuet was replaced by the waltz

37

Hapsburgs

ruled 645 years

38

1815 Vienna

Congress of Vienna; prominence of Metternich(1773 - 1859)

39

Biedermeier era

- a term given in retrospect to the "good old days" of bourgeois comforts
A Biedermeier family enjoys their middle class comforts
best not to express political ideas

40

1776 Hof-Burgtheater in Michaelerplatz designated

a national theatre

41

Franz Grillparzer(1791-1872)

outstanding playwright
greatest dramatist gave up playwriting
The golden Fleece(1822)(triology based on Medea legend)
- an ironic treatment
King ottocar's Rise and Fall(1824)
- was banned by censors for two years

42

Volksstucke

Viennese dialect theatre
most associated with Vienna
the magic flute by Mozart
- the most famous one
Viennese dialect incorporates words from Czech, Hungarian...etc

43

The False Virtuoso

Popular theatre -> broad physical comedy + music

44

Ferdinand Raimund(1790-1836)

Raimund actor & playwright became the leading figure
- plays - mixed supernatural elements & everyday life in serious comedy

45

Johann Nestroy (1801-1862)'s plays

The Talisman(1840)
Einen Juz will er sich machen(1840)
- became Hello Dolly
Die Freiheit in Krahwinkel(1848)
- Freedom and speedy town

46

Johann Nestroy (1801-1862)

succeeded Raimund as leading
author & actor of Viennese dialect comedy
wrote comedies for himself to play opposite short

47

1848 Vienna

worker uprisings all over Europe

48

1857 Decree to raze old city bastions and build

Ringstrasse

49

1869 First building completed on the Ringstrasse

Vienna Opera

50

1888 Burgtheater

construction began in 1874
last building completed on the Ringstrasse

51

Viennese operetta

Johann Strauss II(1825-1899)
Die Fledermaus(1874)
Franz Lehar(1870-1948)
The Merry Widow(1905)