Quiz 1 Intro Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Intro Deck (33)
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1

Primary Prevention

measures to ensure disease does not occur. Ex: fluoride, school education

2

Secondary Prevention

Treatment of early disease to prevent progression. Ex: removal of biofilm, fluoride for remineralization

3

Tertiary Prevention

Treatment to replace lost tissues

4

Initial Lesion

2-4 days, no inflammatory response, no clinical appearance, under the tissue

5

Early Lesion

7-14 days, increased inflammaotry response, slight rounded or red margins

6

Established Lesion

Progression from early lesion, formation of pocket epithelium, collagen destruction

7

Advanced Lesion

connective tissue destruction, alveolar bone destruction

8

Gingival Pocket

enamel tooth surface pocket wall, no apical migration

9

Periodontal Pocket

Cementum & enamel tooth surface pocket wall, apical migration

10

Furcation Type Class I

depression, 0-1 mm, can feel roots

11

Furcation Type Class II

2-3mm. does not extend to opposite side

12

Furcation Type Class III

Extends to opposite side

13

Furcation Class IV

same as III, recession makes clinically visible

14

Significance of Attached Gingiva

barrier to passage of inflammation, withstands frictional stress of mastication and toothbrushing

15

Etiologic Factors

acutal cause of the disease, biofilm

16

Predisposing Factors

person is susceptible to disease, immunocompromised

17

Contributing Factors

supplements or adds to disease,

18

Risk Factors

exposure increases the probability that disease will occur

19

Local Factors

in the immediate environment

20

Systemic Factors

influenced by general physical or mental disease or condition

21

Dental Factors

tooth surface irregularities, contour, position, and prostheses

22

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

tobacco/nicotine, diabetes, osteoporosis, psychosocial (stress)

23

The First Lesson

orientation to biofilm removal, keep it simple, describe the disease process

24

The Second Lesson

evaluate success, review information, expand knowledge. Always commend and compliment any improvement

25

Gingival Embrasures Type I

Pointed papilla, fills the gingival embrausure, use floss

26

Gingival Embrasures Type II

slight to moderate recession, some space, use a wider floss

27

Gingival Embrasures Type III

Papillae are gone, cratered, lots of space, use bristles

28

Dental Floss is Most Effective...

when interdental papilla is present

29

Tufted Floss, Knitting Yarn, Gauze Strips

wide embrasures, edentulous area, distal to last tooth, under pontic

30

Perio-aide

biofilm removal at or just under gingival margin, used to burnish medicaments into root surfaces (fluoride), exposed furcation