Flashcards in quiz 1 practice questions Deck (94):
the patient porter system provides transport to patients who?
need to go to different hospital departments for diagnostic or therapeutic tests
the imaging department has its own porters? T/F
do we have to pre-book porters if we enter any sort of x-ray/CT ?
unit clerk responsibilities when the porter is ready to come get the patient
1. inform nurse after you're off the phone with porter
2. get the patients chart and place it on the desk in front of you
the patients chart always goes with the patient to ALL procedures and test? T/F
what does the radiology department do?
use x-rays to produce photographic films to help the doctors to determine a diagnosis
the radiology department is under the direction of?
what are radiology technicians responsible for?
performing routine radiology procedures indepently `
what does the radiologist do? (2)
1. performs special procedures
2. is in charge of interpreting the results of procedures performed in their department
an x-ray is the most?
frequently used imaging method to take a look inside the body
how are x-ray images produced?
when radiation is passed through a part of the body
how will fractures show up in an x-ray image?
dark line on the white bone in the picture
x-rays are also used for:
diagnosing infection, growths, obstructions and fluid levels
x-rays are used lots in assisting in a number of surgeries such as:
3. spinal surgery
what is fluoroscopy?
an imaging technique where real time images showing movement are produced through a constant input go x-rays using a special machine - called the fluoroscope
what the does fluoroscope test allow?
the radiologist to visualize blood vessels and internal organs as they work
what are examples of contrast agents?
contrast agents help the doctor how?
to visualize certain parts of the body that the doctor wants to see
the doctor may request that the patient be placed in a specific position when an x-ray is taken. T/F
what are the commonly ordered positions for x-ray orders? (8)
1. anterior posterior
2. posterior anterior
joint is radiographed while in extension (name the x-ray view)
patient lies on their back (name the x-ray view)
patient lies on their front (name the x-ray view)
machine is placed at the back of the patient while they are in upright position (name the x-ray view)
posterior anterior view
patient lies on their side with the x-ray beam positioned horizontally (name the x-ray view)
side view of the patient (name the x-ray view)
projection is taken with the central ray at an angle to an of the body planes, described by the angle of obliquity and the portions of the body, the x-ray beam exits; right or left and posterior or anterior (name the x-ray view)
machine is placed at front of the patient while they are standing or lying supine (name the x-ray view)
anterior posterior view
NUA duties when processing x-ray orders that do not require contrast
1. enter into medi-tech
2. kardex under x-ray/procedures section
3. symbolize onto doctors order sheet "EC, K"
common types of contrast material are: (2)
1. barium sulphate
contrast may be taken which ways? (3)
x-ray orders that require contrast require patient prep? T/F
what x-ray procedures require contrast? (2)
1. intravenous pyelogram
2. t--tube cholangiogram
what is a intravenous pyelogram for?
used to look at renal functions
what is t-tube cholangiogram for?
used to look at the gallbladder and billiard ducts
what x-ray procedures require contrast medium? (3)
1. upper gastointestinal
2. barium meal
3. stomach & duodenum small bowel follow through
for UGI, Ba.Meal, and S&D tests barium sulphate is taken PO and x-ray pictures are taken of?
4. small intestines
a myelogram procedure requires what before?
NUA duties for processing contrast orders
1. enter into medi-tech
2. karde under x-ray/procedure
3. symbolize EC & K
NUA duties for processing contrast orders on the day of procedure
1. inform RN that MI is ready for their patient
2. grab patients chart and put it on desk in front of you
3. RN will place the patient in front of your desk for porter pick up
what is an upper GI study?
an x-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and first section of the small intestine (duodenum)
why is an upper GI procedure done?
to help diagnose tumors, varices, and lesions of the upper GI tract
what is a myelogram procedure?
x-ray exam of the spinal cord
why is a myelogram test done?
to help diagnose diseases of the central nervous system or damage of the vertebrae
what is barium enema procedure?
the filling of the large intestine with barium
why is barium enema procedure done?
to help diagnose tumors, polyps, cancer and other lesions within the large intestine
what is an angiogram procedure?
MI test to visualize the inside of blood vessels and organs of the body
why is an angiogram procedure done?
done for different reasons - depends what angiogram the doctor has ordered
consideration for special procedural x-rays (6)
1. consent forms
3. IV is started prior to procedure
4. shave prep may be required
5. patient may need to be NPO
6. chart goes with the patient
where do we kardex the x-ray orders?
what is an upper GI study, and why is it done?
x-ray of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. helps the diagnosis of tumors, varices and lesions of the upper GI tract
what is the patient prep for an upper GI study?
1. no alcohol 1 day before
2. NPO after midnight of the day of the test
define barium enema
filling the large intestine with the radiopaque dye
who performs a myelogram?
who performs an angiogram?
usually performed post-op. x-ray pictures are taken to assess the size and patency of biliary ducts (what x-ray procedure)
x-ray pictures are taken as the dye passes through the kidneys, ureters, and bladder (what x-ray procedure)
Barium Sulphate is administered via the anus in an enema and x-ray pictures are taken of the large intestine (what x-ray procedure)
a LP is performed then x-ray pictures are taken of the spinal column (what x-ray procedure)
Barium sulphate is taken PO and x-ray pictures are taken of the esophagus, stomach & duodenum (what x-ray procedure)
examination of the veins after injected with contract medium (what x-ray procedure)
a catheter is passed through the femoral artery until it reaches a blocked or narrow artery. a balloon at the end of the catheter is inflated until the plaque in the artery breaks and the vessel is patent (what x-ray procedure)
examination of one or ore arteries after contrast has been injected into the carotid, brachial or femoral artery (what x-ray procedure)
contract medium is injected via catheter thats been inserted into a vein - then x-rays are taken of the veins or arteries. video equipment and a computer are used to produce x-ray pictures of blood vessels (what x-ray procedure)
digital subtraction angiogram
contrast medium is injected via catheter into the brachial or femoral artery and x-ray pictures are taken of the heart and coronary arteries (what x-ray procedure)
an endoscope is passed through the mouth, esophagus and stomach and duodenum to look at the pancreas and gallbladder (what x-ray procedure)
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram
on CT and MRI reqs what does the NUA do?
1. add patient label
2. fill out patient info on req
define an angiography
a MI test used to visualize blood vessels and organs of the body
what does an ERCP look at?
a catheter is passed through the femoral artery until it reaches a blocked/narrowed artery. A balloon at the end of the catheter is inflated until the plaque in the artery breaks and the vessel is patent
define computed tomography
uses special x-ray techniques to produce multiple images of the body
MRI's are commonly used for 4 things:
1. sports injuries of soft tissue & joints
2. diagnosing heart conditions
3. examining the chest and abdomen
4. examining the brain and spinal cord
what are the NUA responsibilities for processing a CT Scan?
1. enter into computer
2. kardex under x-ray/procedures
3. symbolize EC and K
ultrasounds are commonly used for 4 things:
1. viewing the fetus and uterus in pregnancy
2. evaluating the pelvis & internal organs
3. heart and blood vessel examinations
4. guiding the insertion of needles and other small tools
why is an ultrasound done?
visualize internal structures and soft tissues of the body to help diagnose disease
what is the lateral view of an X-ray?
what is the supine view of an x-ray?
patient lies on their back
what is the decubitus view of an X-ray ?
patient lies on their side with the x-ray beam pointed horizontally
what does a barium enema look at?
what are 2 abbreviations used for barium enema
what does a T-Tube cholangiogram look at?
size and patency of the billiary ducts
why are CT's done?
help diagnose traumas, musculoskeletal disorders, cardiovascular diseases and infections and cancer
what contrast is commonly used for CT's?
what is a MRI ?
machine that uses magnets, radio waves and a computer to produce detailed images of the body
why are MRI's done?
to detect tiny changes of structure in the body
ultrasounds may be referred to as?
what is an ultrasound?
machine that uses high frequency sound waves to produce images of the body. (used to study internal structures of the body)
why are ultrasounds performed ?
to visualize internal structures and soft tissues of the body
NUA duties for processing U/S orders
1. enter into computer
are ultrasounds done the same day?
MRI's aren't done at VJH what will you need to fill out?
special MRI requisition
what does myelogram look at?
what dos gastrointestinal look at?