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Furnishings Spring 2014 > Quiz 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (186)
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1

Reductionism

Simplify down to essentials needed to communicate a period. Making a form simpler to construct.

2

Fraktur – Decorated documents

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

3

Fraktur – Decorated documents

- Heart motif
- Tulip Motif

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

4

Pennsylvania German motifs

- Birds
- Tulips
- Hearts
- Houses
- Hex sign
- Swastica
- Angels

5

Chest

- Unicorn motif
- Given to child when age 14
- Holds dowry, frakturs inside lid
- Also used as seating

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

6

Hex sign

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

7

Candle Boxes

- Tulip motif
- Painted

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

8

Schrank

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

9

Hutch

- Curved detail in side elevation
- flat top, straight elements

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

10

Plank chairs

- Social influence: not comfortable because hardworking people do not prioritize sitting
- Heart motif

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

11

Barns

- Hex, horse motifs painted on building

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

12

Bedroom

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

13

Fraktur style dining room

PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN

14

Shaker dates

1800 - 1860

15

Built-in drawers

- Do not have to clean around pieces of furniture
- Keeps things out of sight / away from dust and mold

SHAKER

16

Shaker philosophy

The Millennial Laws – Shaker’s philosophy in life and design:
- Simplicity - Objects should not “.... feed the pride and vanity of man”
- Utility - “Anything many be called perfect which perfectly answers the purpose for which it was designed,” “Beauty rests on utility”
- Communal character

17

Chair

- Flame-like finial
- Simple
- High quality construction

SHAKER

18

Bed

- Put on casters so that they can be easily moved and cleaned under

SHAKER

19

Bentwood rocking chair

SHAKER

20

Shaker peg rail

- Value cleanliness because many unrelated people live together with no running water
- Pegs make it easy to clean floors

SHAKER

21

Spider leg table

SHAKER

22

Exposed dovetail

- No nails / metal
- high quality

SHAKER

23

Chest

SHAKER

24

Sewing stand and stool

- Wooden knobs blend in
- Education was not a priority, so not many desks
- Community influence: may be used by two people at a time

SHAKER

25

Sisters' workroom

- Sewing table used by two people at  time

SHAKER

26

Dining room

- All chair the same - sense of community

SHAKER

27

Table swift

- Used to string yarns of wool

SHAKER

28

Tailor counter

SHAKER

29

Wash shop

- Clothes are washed by people in the community

SHAKER

30

American Victorian - Gothic Revival and Elizabethan
dates:

1840 - 1880