Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

OT 1010 - Intro To OT > Quiz 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (25)
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1

Frame of reference

Guideline for practice that provides direction for evaluation and treatment of particular deficits

2

Biomechanical

purposeful activity to remediate - loss of ROM, strength, & endurance - presence of edema - intact brain to produce isolated, coordinated movement

3

Neurodevelopmental

Neurological & developmental theories - remediate foundation skills that make normal skill acquisition possible - normal movement learned by feeling what normal movement feels like

4

Rehabilitation

regain indepenace using compensatory techniques when deficits cannot be remediated - ex. spinal cord injuries (SCI)

5

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation

neurophysiology, anatomy & kinesiology - address movement patterns & posture

6

Role Acquisition

sociology, psychology, & behavioral learning - individual has inherent need to explore environment - learning basic skills

7

Behavioral

experimental psychology - positive reinforcement - negative reinforcement - behavior is predictable, measurable, & objective

8

Psychodynamic

based on principles of Frued, Jung, Rogers, & Maslow - talk therapy

9

Cognitive-Behavioral

based on social learning, cognitive, & behavioral therapies - a persons decisions are based on expected outcome - new behaviors occur as one feels safe to make mistakes - cognitive change is a gradual process

10

Motor Skills Acquisition (Pediatric)

general systems are the person, taks & the environment - functional tasks help organize behavior - motor skill improvement

11

Sensory Integration (Pediatric)

Don't respond typically to sensory stimuli - sensory processing disorder - learning disabilities - ADHD - autism

12

Therapeutic Intervention Process

Referral Evaluation Treatment Planning Treatment Implementation Program Discharge

13

Referral

May come from: - physicians - teachers - social workers - parents - other health professionals

14

Evaluation

3 types of evaluations: 1. standardized 2. interview 3. observation Two parts to Evaluation 1. Screening: to determine if the person needs OT 2. Assessment: determine patients current level of functional performance and identify performance deficits

15

Treatment Planning

Identifying patients problems and selecting goals that are reasonable to achieve

16

Treatment Implementation

Putting the plan into action

17

Program Discontinuation/Discharge

- When patient has reached all goals or it is determined that the patient can no longer benefit from OT services - OTA may provide instructions for a home based program, identify community resources, or recommend environmental adaptions - May recommend follow-up

18

ABCD

Audience Behavior Condition Degree

19

Long term goals

goals client should achieve by discharge time varies depending on setting

20

Short term goals

steps the client needs to achieve to meet LTG

21

SOAP

Subjective Objective Assessment Plan

22

S: Subjective

information from client or family concerning feelings or beliefs

23

O: Objective

therapists observations

24

A: Assessment

Summary of therapist's interpretation of clients progress & analysis of current treatment plan

25

P: Plan

Plan of action for continued treatment, including any modifications to current treatment plan