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Flashcards in Quiz #2 Deck (22)
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What are the four ways in which architecture is studied?

1. Apprenticeship
2. "Beaux-Arts"
3. Polytechnic
4. Tutorial


What is apprenticeship learning? What are its strengths?

Learning involving students learning in an office-style setting from a teacher, developing methods through the teacher's direct guidance. Strengths include maximizing in-depth experience and practice.


What is "Beaux-Arts" learning? What are its strengths?

Learning involving competitive mastery (Entering architectural competitions). Strengths include major experience in drawing.


What is polytechnic learning? What are its strengths?

Learning through real-life, hands on field experience along side a teacher. Strengths include an emphasis on productive capability, yet creative drawing ability may be inhibited.


What is tutorial learning? What are its strengths?

More formal architectural instruction, forms well-rounded, certified students.


What are some general social criteria of a landscape?

1. Inclusion
2. Appropriateness
3. Challenge
4. Equity


Describe inclusion.

Inclusion refers to the consideration of a wide variety of opinions while planning, designing or creating a landscape.


Describe appropriateness.

Appropriateness refers to the inclusion of "normal" elements in a space; features which will undoubtedly help to build the structural integrity and overall success in a space. Useful or necessary elements.


Describe challenge.

Challenge refers to the inclusion of more unique, artistic, out of the ordinary elements in a space. These elements, when thoughtfully and carefully placed, may help a space to be special, and express more specific character. These features must be balanced well with "appropriate" features.


Describe equity.

Equity refers to the extent to which a space succeeds in providing its inhabitants with what they want and/or need. Not everyone is equal economically and socially, and those who design spaces must consider what kind of inhabitants the space will encounter, and how these individuals will appreciate and utilize the space as it is provided.


What are some social criteria of a play space?

1. Competition
2. Chance
3. Role-playing
4. Disorientation


Describe competition.

Competition refers to features which invoke competitive game to take place in a space. These sorts of features may be boundaries for a sports field or court, or less common features such as a tetherball pole and ball.


Describe chance.

Chance refers to the extent to which a space is designed to allow for many different activities to take place in it. These spaces are dynamic, and may take on different appeals at different times. Elements which add chance appeal to a space may include "challenging" elements, which give the space a unique, interesting feel.


Describe role-playing.

Role playing refers to the extent to which a space has been designed so as to allow visitors to take on various "roles." While simple spaces may allow for creative and imaginative individuals (perhaps children) to experience a sort of "alternate reality," more complex themed spaces often allow for such an appeal as well.


Describe disorientation.

Disorientation refers to how a space may confuse or surprise inhabitants. Strange features such as mazes or other strategically placed elements may psychologically confuse the senses, and features such as rides, rollercoasters, and playground elements may physically disorient.


What are some aesthetic criteria which are often desirable in a landscape.

1. Visible display of expertise
2. Relates to recognizable styles/traditions
3. Portrays natural processes and forms
4. Engages the imagination
5. Creates a special experience


What is visible display of expertise?

Spaces which have been purposefully designed using a distinguished understanding of architectural styles and forms.


Describe recognizable styles and forms.

Elements in a space which include forms that are more commonplace, familiar and undoubtedly successful.


Describe natural processes and forms.

Elements in a space which are purposefully designed to correlate with how those elements are found in nature, in an effort to maintain familiarity and commonplace understanding of the space.


Describe engagement with the human imagination.

Featured elements in a space which stand out, and provoke greater, more profound ideas and feelings. Unique or artistic elements which are integrated into a space in a thoughtful and successful way.


Describe special experience.

The general idea that a space should, in a sense, transport individuals to a unique and interesting space. Spaces should be comfortable and familiar, yet should succeed in removing one from more commonplace, less interesting areas.


What are some environmental criteria of a landscape?

1. Preserve high quality land
2. Clean or revive polluted land
3. Create new habitats
4. Control or regulate certain elements of a space (waterflow, sound, light) in a beneficial way