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Flashcards in QUIZ 2 Greek Deck (56)
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1

The inner-most sanctuary of a Greek or Roman
temple is the __ .

adytum

2

A temple with a pronaos at two ends and
without columns at the sides is a __ temple.

amphiprostyle

3

The termination of the side walls of a Greek
temple which is typically integrated with a
pillar.

antae

4

A niche, doorway or a window framed by 2
columns supporting an entablature with a
pediment.

aedicula

5

The flat projecting band capping the architrave,
separating it from the frieze.

tenia/taenia

6

A large convex moulding used principally in the
bases of columns.

torus

7

A circular temple, or the beehive corbelled
dome used as a treasury or tomb by the
aegeans.

tholos

8

The enclosed area meant for the gods, and
kings, and therefore dedicated for palaces
and/or temples.

temenos

9

Blocks with 3 vertical channels found on the
frieze of a doric temple which are considered
originally as the beam ends during the time
when Greek temples were built in timber.

tryglyps

10

A portico with 3 columns in-between antis.

tristyle-in-antis

11

A portico with 4 columns.

tetrastyle

12

A semi-circular or triangular decorative wall
surface over an entrance, supported by a lintel, sometimes bounded by an arch, with
imagery/ornaments.

tympanum

13

A sculpted female figure serving as an
architectural support taking the place of a
column or a pillar supporting an entablature on
the head, inspired by the enslavement of the
women of Karyai.

caryatid

14

Sculpted female figures bearing baskets on
their heads.

canephorae

15

The 8 stalks supporting the volutes in a
Corinthian capital

caulicoli

16

A concave moulding, similar to the gorge but
without the roll.

caveto

17

The steps forming the base of a columned
Greek temple.

crepidoma

18

The upper step forming a platform on which a
colonnade rests.

stylobate

19

The foundation on which a building is erected.

stereobate

20

The crowning feature of a column or pilaster,
typically functions as its extended support
(much like a corbel) for the architrave, lintel or
girder.

capital

21

The space between the Doric triglyphs
sometimes integrated with ornamental reliefs.

metope

22

The principal chamber in a Greek temple

naos

23

The projecting inclined blocks in Doric cornices
derived from end wooden rafters or roof
beams, that serve as rain drip-guide.

mutule

24

The space between the astragal (ring) of the
shaft and the bottom of the column capital.

necking

25

The enclosing colonnade surrounding a
temenos, sometimes likewise applies to the
temenos wall

peribolus

26

A colonnade erected in front of the scene
building (skene), the top of which eventually
became the stage.

proscenium

27

A medium-sized public building for training of
athletes in classical Greek city-states.

palaestra

28

The space between the lateral walls of the naos
and the peristyle columns of a temple.

pteroma

29

An important entrance, gateway or vestibule in
front of a sacred compound, a citadel,
acropolis or temenos.

propylaeum

30

The triangular piece of wall above the
entablature capped by raking cornices; or wall
at the end of a gable rook (gable wall).

pediment