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Flashcards in QUIZ 3 Roman Deck (60)
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1

The main hall of a Roman temple.

cella

2

Underground burial places in Etruscan Rome
made of vaults containing funerary receptacles

coemeteria

3

A quadrangular opening in the atrium of a
Roman house towards which the roof slopes
toward a court with a shallow cistern.

compluvium

4

The kitchen of a roman house.

culina

5

The circular or multi-angular alcove at one or
both shorter walls of a basilica.

apse

6

The mouldings on the face of an arch and
following its contour.

archivolt

7

Lateral divisions parallel with a naive of a
basilica.

aisle

8

The dressing room in a roman bath.

apodyterium

9

Masonry of smooth squared stones in regular
courses.

ashlar

10

The solid masonry (portion of a wall) which
resists the lateral pressure exerted by an arch.

abutment

11

A portion of a roman house that is open to the
sky and form part of the reception area,
typically containing the compluvium and
impluvium.

atrium

12

A building system or style of architecture
where the principal element is the arch.

arcuated

13

A thermae.

bath house

14

A typical stone ceiling assembly of a roman
basilica, triumphal arch, Etruscan tombs,
constructed mainly as elongated arch.

barrel vault

15

A term applied to a wall with an inclined face.

batter

16

A Roman courthouse or council house.

basilica

17

A chamber with hot water baths in a Roman

caldarium

18

A bedroom in a Roman house

cubiculum

19

The wedge-shaped seating area of a Roman
theater, equivalent to kerkis.

cunei/cuneus

20

Originated from a term referring to
compartmentalized dove housing, this became
popular during the Etruscan period when
burial of cremated remains became a necessity
due to illnesses and over-crowding in
cemeteries.

columbarium

21

The classical order where the ionic and
Corinthian features of a capital are combined.

composite

22

The sunk panels, caissons or lacunaria formed
in ceiling, vaults and domes, which when
integrated in the Patheon ceiling, effectively
reduced the dead-weight of its dome.

coffer

23

The flood water control infrastructure built by
the Etruscan to drain Rome and gain buildable
areas.

cloaca maxima

24

The hill on which the Etruscan temple Jupiter
once stood, the name of which means
head/summit, an idea adopted later by the
Americans when the hill where its Congress
stands is named after it.

capitolium/capitolino

25

The inner curve of an arch.

intrados

26

The outer curve of an arch.

extrados

27

The lowest unit of an arch occurring just above
its vertical support.

springer

28

The central stone of a semi-circular arch.

keystone

29

The vertical channeling of a shaft.

flutting

30

An area of the Roman bath intended for cold
baths.

frigidarium