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Flashcards in Quiz 7 Deck (21)
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Miracle play

Medieval play treating the lives of saints

1

Modernism

Name for art of a period (roughly 1890-1950) identified by radical experimentation with form and nonrealism

2

Monopoly

Legal control or exclusive domination of a theatrical locale

the courts of both France and England in the late seventeenth century, for example granted licenses to a limited number of theaters that thus gained monopolies

3

Morality play

Allegorical medieval play, like "Everyman", that depicts the eternal struggle between good and evil that transpires in this world, using characters like Vice, Virtue, Wisdom, and so on

4

Motivation

In Stanislavskian vocabulary, the internal springboard for an action or a set of behaviors onstage

5

Mystery plays

Usually drawn from biblical stories, these medieval plays were often staged in cycles, treating events from the creation to the Last Judgement

Often staged in connection with Christian festivals, some mysteries were quite elaborate and took days or even weeks to perform

6

Naturalism

A style of theater and drama most popular from c. 1880 to 1900 that dealt with the sordid problems of the middle and lower classes in settings remarkable for the number and accuracy of details

Practitioners included Emile Zola, Andre Antoine, and Maxim Gorky

7

Neoclassicism

A style of drama and theater from the Italian Renaissance based loosely on interpretations of Aristotle and Horace

Major tenets were verisimilitude, decorum, purity of genres, the five-act form, and the twofold purpose of drama: to teach and to please

8

New comedy

That form of Greek comedy dating from the Hellenistic and Graeco-Roman periods and treating the domestic compilations of the Athenian middle class

A major source for Roman comedy

9

Noh

Austere, poetic drama of medieval Japan, based in Zen Buddhism

10

Not-for-profit

Professional theater whose income comes only partly from ticket sales, the rest from donations and grants

Given federal tax breaks

11

Objective

In Stanislavskian vocabulary, a character's goal within a beat or scene

The goal of a motivation

12

Obstacle

Barrier, difficulty

In acting, something preventing the reaching of an objective

13

Old comedy

That form of Greek comedy written during the classical period and featuring topical political and social commentary set in highly predictable structural and metrical patterns

14

Orchestra

1.) That area of the Greek and Roman theater that lay between the audience area and the scene house
2.) Originally the circular space where actors and chorus danced and performed plays; later a half circle that was used as a seating space for important people and only occasionally as a performance area
3.) In modern times, the prized seating area on the ground level of a theater and adjacent to the stage

15

Open theater

Important American avant-garde theater, 1960s and 1970s; major influence on acting and production

16

Pace

Apparent rate of performance; partly a matter of speed with which the performance goes forward, but also related to intensity of action and complication and the artistic ways (actor's intensity, for example) that the action is realized

17

Pageant

In the medieval period, a movable stage, a wagon on which plays were mounted and performed in parts of England, Spain, and occasionally continental Europe

By extension, the plays performed on such wagons

18

Patio

Ground-level audience area in the Spanish corrales

19

Performance

In life, the execution of an action (or the action executed) or a behavior taken in response to a stimulus

In art, the action of representing a character in a play, or more generally, any public presentation

20

Performance art

An avant-garde form that blends several arts (most often music, painting, dance, and theater) into a visual, more than literary, expression of an often very personal truth