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Flashcards in Quiz Two Deck (60)
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What does the APGAR score measure?

Activity, Pulse, Grimace, Appearance, and Respiration

1

What is the appropriate temperature range for a newborn?

36.5-37 axillary

2

What is the appropriate heart rate range for a newborn?

120-160 beats/min

3

What is the appropriate range of respirations for a newborn?

30-60 breaths/min

4

What is the normal range of blood pressure of a newborn?

60-80/40-50

5

How much should a newborn weigh?

2500-4000 grams

6

How long should a newborn be?

48-53 cm

7

Reflex begins when the corner of the baby's mouth is stroked or touched and the head turns in that direction

Root reflex

8

When the roof of the baby's mouth is touched, the baby will begin to suck

Suck reflex

9

Startle reflex

Moro Reflex

10

When a baby's head is tuned to one side, the arm on that side stretches out and the opposite arm bends up at the elbow

Tonic neck reflex

11

Stroking the palm of the baby's hand causes the baby to close their fingers

Grasp reflex

12

When the sole of the foot is firmly stroked, the big toe bends back toward the top of the foot and the other toes fan out

Babinski reflex

13

Baby appears to walk or dance when held upright with his or her feet touching a solid surface

Step reflex

14

Which reflex is weak in premature babies?

Suck reflex

15

At what point is hand dominance established?

12 months

16

What Erikson stage is the infant in?

Trust vs. Mistrust

17

What is Erikson's main goal for infants?

Gratification through feeding, holding, and changing the diaper

18

When does the Moro reflex disappear?

7 months

19

When does the Tonic Neck reflex disappear?

6-7 months

20

When does the Grasp reflex disappear?

2 months

21

When does the Babinski reflex disappear?

2 years

22

Which reflex is strongest in premature babies?

Grasp reflex

23

When is jaundice okay in a newborn?

After the second day of life

24

Which fontanel is bigger?

Anterior

25

When does the posterior fontanel close?

2-3 months

26

When does the anterior fontanel close?

18 months

27

What part of the diet is most important for infants?

Protein

28

Happens when any of the seven phases of attachment are encumbered

Failure to Thrive

29

When does a baby recognize familiar faces and pay attention to speaking voices?

2 months

30

When does a baby hold its head erect and steady, laugh aloud, smile at mom, and begin pre-language vocalizations?

3 months

31

When does a baby begin drooling, rolling, hand-eye coordination, and chewing?

4 months

32

When does a baby smile at its mirror image, sleep through the night, and start getting teeth?

5 months

33

When does an infant sit in a high chair and imitate sounds?

6 months

34

When does an infant start to bear weight, produce vowel sounds, and imitate simple acts?

7 months

35

When can and infant feed itself and begin to show regular patterns in bladder and bowel elimination?

8 months

36

When does an infant respond to simple verbal requests and pull itself into a standing position?

9 months

37

When does an infant start to pay attention to its own name?

10 months

38

When does an infant start to walk?

11 months

39

When can an infant walk without help?

15 months

40

When can a baby start potty training?

18 months

41

What is the age range of an infant?

1-18 months

42

What is that age range of a toddler?

12 months-3 years

43

What is Erikson's stage for toddlers?

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

44

What does Erikson think must occur for toddlers?

Do as much themselves as possible

45

How long does toilet training generally take?

3-4 years

46

How do toddlers play?

Parallel play

47

At 18 months, what are the receptive and expressive language landmarks?

50 receptive, 20 expressive

48

At 24 months, what are the expressive and receptive language landmarks?

1200 receptive and 270 expressive, with 2-3 word sentences

49

At 30 months, what are the receptive and expressive language landmarks?

2400 receptive, 425 expressive with 2.5 word sentences

50

At 36 months, what are the expressive and receptive language landmarks?

3600 receptive and 900 expressive with 3-4 word sentences

51

What stage does Erikson believe preschoolers are in?

Initiative vs. Guilt

52

What does Erikson say has to happen for preschoolers?

Parents must provide opportunities to do new things and give rewards for exploratory behavior

53

How old is a preschooler?

3-5 years

54

What test assesses a preschooler's readiness for school?

Vineland Social Maturity Scale

55

What age are school aged children?

5-12

56

At what age does puberty occur?

11-13 years old

57

What is Erikson's stage for school aged children?

Industry vs. Inferiority

58

How can parents foster a positive outcome for Erikson's school aged child?

Set realistic goals, provide opportunity to succeed, praise, stay involved and supportive

59

What are appropriate awards for school aged children?

Material, additional privileges, and recognition