QUIZ: What's the disease? Flashcards Preview

Cardiovascular > QUIZ: What's the disease? > Flashcards

Flashcards in QUIZ: What's the disease? Deck (25):
1

ECG

No visible P waves
Irregular but normal looking QRS

Atrial fibrillation

2

ECG

Rapid regular P waves, look a bit like the edge of a saw

Heart rate above 300

Atrial flutter

3

ECG

Rapid, but normal QRS complexes which are followed immediately by P waves

AVNRT or AVRT

Premature P waves caused by premature depolarisation of atria due to re-entry

4

ECG

Premature + broad QRS complexes that occur every second beat

Premature ventricular contraction

2:1

5

ECG

Broad, unusual QRS complexes that look like this: /\/\/\/\/\

Occasionally you can see a P wave super-imposed onto a QRS

Ventricular tachycardia (as a specific disease

6

ECG

Waxing and waning of QRS amplitude and width

Torsades de Pointes

7

ECG

No decipherable QRS complexes
Chaotic, irregular rhythm

Ventricular fibrillation

8

ECG

Bradycardia
The C1 lead appears to show an 'M' shaped QRS complex

Right bundle branch block

9

ECG

Bradycardia
The C5 lead shows an 'M' shape in the tip of the peak of the QRS complex

Left bundle branch block

10

ECG

Regular, normal speed heart rate
PR interval prolonged for 0.34 seconds

First degree heart block

11

ECG

Intermittent recurrence of 'dropped QRS complexes' when a P wave is not followed by a QRS complex

In the build up to this there is increased prolongation of the PR interval

Secondary degree heart block
Mobitz 1 / Wenckebach

12

ECG

Intermittent recurrence of 'dropped QRS complexes' when a P wave is not followed by a QRS complex

Secondary degree heart block
Mobitz 2

13

ECG

QRS complexes are completely out of sync with P waves

Though the P waves appear to be regular

Third degree heart block

14

ECG

Tachycardia
ST segment appears elevated

ST elevated MI

15

ECG

The QR segment appears as a convex line rather than a straight one, on every 3rd beat

Wolff-Parkinson White syndrome

The convex line is caused by a delta wave

16

Auscultation

The heartbeat sounds like: lub-dub-ta

BONUS: what is this murmur called?

Heart failure

S3 heart sound

17

Auscultation

The heartbeat sounds like: a-lub-dub

BONUS: what is this murmur called?

Ventricular hypertrophy

The sound is generated by the atria having to contract extra forcefully

S4 heart sound

18

Auscultation

2nd intercostal space
Right sternal border
A whistling sound can be heard

Stenosis of the aortic valve

19

Auscultation

2nd intercostal space
Right sternal border
A blowing sound can be heard

Regurgitation of aortic valve

20

Auscultation

2nd intercostal space
Left sternal border
A whistling sound can be heard

Stenosis of pulmonic valve

21

Auscultation

2nd intercostal space
Left sternal border
A blowing sound can be heard

Regurgitation of pulmonic valve

22

Auscultation

4th intercostal space
Left sternal border
A whistling sound can be heard

Stenosis of the tricuspid valve

23

Auscultation

4th intercostal space
Left sternal border
A blowing sound can be heard

Regurgitation of the tricuspid valve

24

Auscultation

5th intercostal space
Left mid-clavicular line
A whistling sound can be heard

Stenosis of mitral valve

25

Auscultation

5th intercostal space
Left mid-clavicular line
A blowing sound can be heard

Regurgitation of the mitral valve