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Flashcards in RANDOM Deck (58)
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1

In Egyptian architecture, the tomb of the pharaohs is the.

PYRAMID

2

The great pyramid at Gizeh was built during the 4th dynasty by?

CHEOPS

3

Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks.

COMPOSITE

4

An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places.

STOA

5

From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the practice of using ________.

DOMICAL ROOF CONSTRUCTION

6

The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.

ACROPOLIS

7

The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty.

RAMESES I

8

The finest and remaining example of Byzantine architecture.

HAGIA SOPHIA, CONSTANTINOPLE

9

An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles.

ANTIFIX (ANTIFIXAE)

10

The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her domains had ample supply of was ________.

MARBLE

11

The architectural character of the Romanesque architecture is.

SOBER AND DIGNIFIED

12

Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually, the ornament itself.

ACROTERION / ACROTERIUM

13

Greek architecture was essentially.

COLUMNAR TRABEATED

14

Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the use of what material for facing walls.

MARBLE

15

Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

ANTHEMION

16

Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles is the _________.

PROPYLEA

17

The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome.

PANTHEON

18

In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine.

APOTHECA

19

The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect building ever erected is the ________.

PARTHENON

20

The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple.

PTEROMA

21

The characteristic of Greek ornament.

ANTHEMION

22

With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the Romans achieved huge interiors with the ________.

ARCH AND VAULT

23

Amphitheaters are used for ___.

GLADIATORS CONTEST

24

The use of ___ for facing walls distinguishes Romanesque architecture in Italy from that of the rest of Europe.

MARBLE

25

The outstanding group of Romanesque is found in ___.

PISA

26

The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

BAROQUE

27

The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window.

TRACERY

28

The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

REFECTORY

29

The open court in an Italian palazzo.

CORTEL

30

Japanese tea house.

CHA-SIT-SU

31

A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration.

MASJID

32

Domical mound containing a relic.

STUPA

33

Ifugao house (southern strain).

BALE

34

In Mesopotamian architecture, religion called for temples made of sun-dried bricks.

ZIGGURAT

35

The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps.

DORIC

36

Tomb of the pharaohs.

PYRAMID

37

Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.

TUMULI

38

A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and intended to house an altar.

APSE

39

Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos.

DIPTERAL

40

Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

PRYTANEION

41

Architect of the Einstein Tower.

ERICH MENDELSOHN

42

Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.

WALTER GROPIUS

43

What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style?

ART NOVEAU

44

From what architecture is the Angkor Vat?

CAMBODIAN

45

The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.

VAN ALEN

46

In greek architecture, it is the projecting wall or wing at the end of skene

Paracenia

47

In Greek Architecture, it is in front of skene, used as a speaking place of locelon

Procenium

48

In Greek Architecture, it's the raised background to the 2 storey skene building

Episcenium

49

Which structure is the prototype of all greek theaters?

Theater of Dionysus

50

Who designed the theater of Epidauros which is considered the most beautiful greek theater?

Polycleitos

51

Market place or town square and center of social and business life in greece

Agora

52

In greek architecture, Long colonnaded building used by the public as a shelter and also as a religious shrine

Stoa

53

In Greek architecture, senate house and used for entertaining distinguish visitors and citizens

Prytaneion

54

In greek architecture, the council house with banked seats facing inwards

Bouleuterion

55

In Greek architecture, similar to theater used solely for musical presentation or contest

Odeion

56

In greek architecture, foor race course

Stadium

57

In greek architecture, similar to stadium but used for horse and chariot racing, it is also a counterpart of roman circus

Hippodrome

58

In greek architecture, wrestling school

Palaestra