Flashcards in Random Fracture Knowledge Deck (48)
What is the minimum number of X-ray views necessary for trauma to the osseous system?
Two views at right angles
What is the number one location for an occult fracture in the human body?
What areas of the osseous system requires 3 views minimum when dealing with trauma?
Ankle and wrist
What is there name of the fracture that involves buckling of the cortex?
What is the term for the fracture of the cortex that doesn't go completely through due to the cartilaginous nature of a child's bone?
What is the type of fracture that has more than 2 pieces?
What is the type of fracture that breaks the skin?
What type of force causes a transverse fracture?
Tension or angulation
What type of force causes an oblique fracture?
What type of force causes a spiral fracture?
What type of fracture is caused by angulation and compression combined?
Transverse and oblique fracture
Oblique fractures run at approximately what degree level of the long axis of bone?
The spatial relationship of fractures is relative to what part of the bone?
What are the three ways in which the spatial relationships of fractures are assessed?
Alignment, apposition, rotation
What way of assessing the spatial relationship of a fracture involves describes the closeness of the bony contact at the fracture site?
Apposition (aka direction)
What way of assessing the spatial relationship of a fracture involves describes the overall bend (direction and degree of angulation)?
What is the most common type of Salter-Harris injury?
Salter Type II
Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture through the physis and epiphysis?
Which type of Salter injury involves a complete shear injury through just the physis (cartilage)?
Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture through the physis and metaphysis?
Type II (most common)
Which type of Salter injury involves a compression fracture of the physis?
Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture of the physis, metaphysis, and epiphysis?
What is the name of the fragment that sometimes appears with a Type II Salter injury?
What is the most common location for a Salter type II injury?
Distal end of radius
What is the common location for a Salter type III injury?
What is the second most common type of a Salter injury?
Salter type IV
What can happen to a bone when the growth plate is damaged?
1 grow longer or 2 stay shorter
What are the age ranges for increased incidence of fracture among males?
2nd and 3rd decades (teens to 20s) then will decrease by 45 years of age then increased again after 65 years
What are the age ranges for increased incidence of fracture among females?
Highest up to 30 years of age then decreases to 45 where it begins to steadily increase due to menopause