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Diagnostic Imaging II Exam Two > Random Fracture Knowledge > Flashcards

Flashcards in Random Fracture Knowledge Deck (48)
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1

What is the minimum number of X-ray views necessary for trauma to the osseous system?

Two views at right angles

2

What is the number one location for an occult fracture in the human body?

Scaphoid

3

What areas of the osseous system requires 3 views minimum when dealing with trauma?

Ankle and wrist

4

What is there name of the fracture that involves buckling of the cortex?

Torus

5

What is the term for the fracture of the cortex that doesn't go completely through due to the cartilaginous nature of a child's bone?

Greenstick fracture

6

What is the type of fracture that has more than 2 pieces?

Comminuted

7

What is the type of fracture that breaks the skin?

Open

8

What type of force causes a transverse fracture?

Tension or angulation

9

What type of force causes an oblique fracture?

Compression

10

What type of force causes a spiral fracture?

Rotation

11

What type of fracture is caused by angulation and compression combined?

Transverse and oblique fracture

12

Oblique fractures run at approximately what degree level of the long axis of bone?

45

13

The spatial relationship of fractures is relative to what part of the bone?

Distal aspect

14

What are the three ways in which the spatial relationships of fractures are assessed?

Alignment, apposition, rotation

15

What way of assessing the spatial relationship of a fracture involves describes the closeness of the bony contact at the fracture site?

Apposition (aka direction)

16

What way of assessing the spatial relationship of a fracture involves describes the overall bend (direction and degree of angulation)?

Alignment

17

What is the most common type of Salter-Harris injury?

Salter Type II

18

Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture through the physis and epiphysis?

Type III

19

Which type of Salter injury involves a complete shear injury through just the physis (cartilage)?

Type I

20

Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture through the physis and metaphysis?

Type II (most common)

21

Which type of Salter injury involves a compression fracture of the physis?

Type V

22

Which type of Salter injury involves a fracture of the physis, metaphysis, and epiphysis?

Type IV

23

What is the name of the fragment that sometimes appears with a Type II Salter injury?

Thursten-Holland fragment

24

What is the most common location for a Salter type II injury?

Distal end of radius

25

What is the common location for a Salter type III injury?

Ankles

26

What is the second most common type of a Salter injury?

Salter type IV

27

What can happen to a bone when the growth plate is damaged?

1 grow longer or 2 stay shorter

28

What are the age ranges for increased incidence of fracture among males?

2nd and 3rd decades (teens to 20s) then will decrease by 45 years of age then increased again after 65 years

29

What are the age ranges for increased incidence of fracture among females?

Highest up to 30 years of age then decreases to 45 where it begins to steadily increase due to menopause

30

What is the most common FOOSH fracture for those under 5 years of age?

Supracondylar fracture