Flashcards in Random1 Deck (99)
In early Christian architecture, what Roman building became the model for its churches?
What is the favorite molding of the Spanish Romanesque?
"Architecture of Small Stone" is the character of what style?
A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recesses joints, principally employed in Renaissance buildings and mostly exclusive for the wealthy during that time.
The triangular curved overlapping surface by means of which a circular dome os supported over a square or polygonal compartment.
Ornamented timber roofs are one of the glories of the Gothic style in what country?
The triangular or segmented space enclosed by a pediment or arch.
The principal story of large buildings, as a place or villa with formal reception and dining rooms usually one flight above the ground floor.
A screen often elaborately adorned and properly surmounted by a crucifix, separating the chancel or choir from the nave of a medieval church.
A stylized three- petaled Iris flower tied by an encircling band used as the heraldic bearing of the royal family of France.
A broken pediment having an outline formed by a pair of S-curves tangent to the horizontal cornice at the ends of the pediment and rising to a pair of scrolls on either side of the center, where a final often rises between scrolls.
A style of architecture which took the humanist Roman vocabulary of renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. It is characterized by architectural concerns for color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity.
The religious order founded by S. Ignatius Loyola in 1540. It combat the effects of the Reformation, it built many preaching churches and it was not only a religious enthusiasts but also a building confraternity.
The crossed finial formed by the projecting barge boards at each end of the ridge of a Shinto shrine.
The only surviving book on architecture believed to be written in the ancient Roman era. Although obscurely written in 10 volumes, it became a major reference for Renaissance architects.
An indigenous Scandinavian church of the 12c and 13c, having a timber frame, plank walls tiered steeply pitched roof windows.
A relatively small, usually foliated ornament terminating the peak of a spire or pinnacle.
A decorative row of arches applied to a wall as a decorative element esp. in Romanesque buildings.
An inclined bar of masonry carried on a segmented arch and transmitting an outward and downward thrust from a roof or vault to a solid buttress that through its mass transforms the thrust into a vertical one.
A projecting ornament, usually in the form of curved foliage used esp. in Gothic architecture to decorate the outer angles of pinnacles, spires and gables.
A window or doorway in the form of a round-headed archway flanked on either side by narrower compartments, the side compartments being capped with entablatures in which the arch of the central compartment rests.
A sacred enclosure or precint surrounding a temple.
A monumental, freestanding gateway on the approach to a Shinto shrine, consisting of two pillars connected at the top by a horizontal crosspiece and a lint above it usually curving upward.
The mother of Mesoamerica's civilization and the most mystifying.
A monolithic stone monument whose four sides, which generally carry inscriptions, gently taper into a pyramid ion at the top.
An upright stone slab or pillar with a carved or inscribed surface, used as a monument or marker, or aS a commemorative tablet in the face of a building.
A Greek building that contains painted pictures.
Describing prehistoric masonry made of huge stone blocks laid without mortar.
A stone built subterranean tomb of the civilization consisting of a circular chamber covered by a corbelled dome and entered by a walled passage through a hillside.