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In early Christian architecture, what Roman building became the model for its churches?

Basilica

1

What is the favorite molding of the Spanish Romanesque?

Rope

2

"Architecture of Small Stone" is the character of what style?

Rococo

3

A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recesses joints, principally employed in Renaissance buildings and mostly exclusive for the wealthy during that time.

Rustication

4

The triangular curved overlapping surface by means of which a circular dome os supported over a square or polygonal compartment.

Pendetives

5

Ornamented timber roofs are one of the glories of the Gothic style in what country?

England

6

The triangular or segmented space enclosed by a pediment or arch.

Tympanum

7

The principal story of large buildings, as a place or villa with formal reception and dining rooms usually one flight above the ground floor.

Piano Noble

8

A screen often elaborately adorned and properly surmounted by a crucifix, separating the chancel or choir from the nave of a medieval church.

Rood Screen

9

A stylized three- petaled Iris flower tied by an encircling band used as the heraldic bearing of the royal family of France.

Fleur-de-lis

10

A broken pediment having an outline formed by a pair of S-curves tangent to the horizontal cornice at the ends of the pediment and rising to a pair of scrolls on either side of the center, where a final often rises between scrolls.

Swan's Neck

11

A style of architecture which took the humanist Roman vocabulary of renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. It is characterized by architectural concerns for color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity.

Baroque

12

The religious order founded by S. Ignatius Loyola in 1540. It combat the effects of the Reformation, it built many preaching churches and it was not only a religious enthusiasts but also a building confraternity.

Jesuits

13

The crossed finial formed by the projecting barge boards at each end of the ridge of a Shinto shrine.

Chigi

14

The only surviving book on architecture believed to be written in the ancient Roman era. Although obscurely written in 10 volumes, it became a major reference for Renaissance architects.

De Architecture

15

An indigenous Scandinavian church of the 12c and 13c, having a timber frame, plank walls tiered steeply pitched roof windows.

Stave Church

16

A relatively small, usually foliated ornament terminating the peak of a spire or pinnacle.

Finial

17

A decorative row of arches applied to a wall as a decorative element esp. in Romanesque buildings.

Blind Arches

18

An inclined bar of masonry carried on a segmented arch and transmitting an outward and downward thrust from a roof or vault to a solid buttress that through its mass transforms the thrust into a vertical one.

Flying Buttress

19

A projecting ornament, usually in the form of curved foliage used esp. in Gothic architecture to decorate the outer angles of pinnacles, spires and gables.

Crocket

20

A window or doorway in the form of a round-headed archway flanked on either side by narrower compartments, the side compartments being capped with entablatures in which the arch of the central compartment rests.

Palladian Window

21

A sacred enclosure or precint surrounding a temple.

Temenos

22

A monumental, freestanding gateway on the approach to a Shinto shrine, consisting of two pillars connected at the top by a horizontal crosspiece and a lint above it usually curving upward.

Torii

23

The mother of Mesoamerica's civilization and the most mystifying.

Olmecs

24

A monolithic stone monument whose four sides, which generally carry inscriptions, gently taper into a pyramid ion at the top.

Obelisk

25

An upright stone slab or pillar with a carved or inscribed surface, used as a monument or marker, or aS a commemorative tablet in the face of a building.

Stele

26

A Greek building that contains painted pictures.

Pinacotheca

27

Describing prehistoric masonry made of huge stone blocks laid without mortar.

Cyclopean

28

A stone built subterranean tomb of the civilization consisting of a circular chamber covered by a corbelled dome and entered by a walled passage through a hillside.

Beehive Tomb

29

A privileged guild of architects and builders as well as sculptors originating in Como, Italy, which carried out church building and characteristic decoration during the 11th century.

Comacine Masters