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Flashcards in Rapid Fire Facts Deck (20)
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1

Clinical: hypertension, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis.

Hyperaldosteronism

2

CF: Fever, night sweats, and weight loss, are characteristic of what malignancy?

B symptoms of Lymphoma

3

Adrenal hemorrhage due to meningococcemia?

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome: which leads to adrenal insufficiency

4

In patients with liver failure, what are the effects of elevated estradiol levels?

-Testicular atrophy
-Gynecomastia
-Spider telangiectasias
-Palmar erythema

5

Waterhouse-Frederichson syndrome can lead to adrenal insufficiency due to what infectious agent???

Meningococcal infection
(Meningococcemia)

6

What two substances increase ADH release?

Nicotine and opiates

7

What substances decrease release of ADH?

Ethanol, Atrial Natriuretic factor, and decreased serum osmolarity.

8

What substance is required to convert T4 into T3 in peripheral tissues?

5’-deiodinase

9

Px presents with inability to breastfeed, amenorrhea, cold intolerance. What’s the pathology?

Sheehan Syndrome

10

Px presents infertility, galactorrhea, and bitemporal hemianopsia. What pathology is at hand?

Prolactinoma - Pituitary adenoma

11

What are the 4 Erythropoietin secreting tumors?

Pheochromocytoma
Renal cell carcinoma
Hemangioblastoma
Hepatocellular carcinoma

12

What substances inhibit the conversion of T4 into T3 in peripheral tissues?

Glucocorticoids, beta-blockers, and propylthiouracil (PTU).

13

In cases of temporary excess iodine, thyroid peroxidase is inhibited, this there is a decrease of T3/T4 production. This phenomenon is known as what?

Wolff-Chaikoff effect.

14

What is the main treatment for Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus?

Hydroclorothiazide - Thiazide diuretics

15

The following are risk factors for what disease?
Older age, smoking, steroid use, chronic heparin use, white or Asian, being thin, low testosterone and low estrogen, poor calcium and vitamin D intake.

Osteoporosis

16

What does an 11-beta hydroxylase deficiency cause?

Hypertension and masculinization

17

What are the symptoms of 21-alpha hydroxylase deficiency?

Hypotension and masculinization

18

Pt presents with hypertension, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Hyperaldosteronism

19

Pt presents fever, night sweats, and weight loss, what is the most likely diagnosis?

B symptoms of lymphoma

20

Pt presents Adrenal hemorrhage due to meningococcemia, what is the most likely diagnosis?

Waterhouse-Frederichsen syndrome