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Flashcards in Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy Deck (17)
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Who developed REBT

Albert Ellis


Describe the main point of REBT

When a highly charged emotional consequence (C) follows a significant activating event (A), event A may seem to, but actually does not, cause C. Instead, emotional consequences are largely created by B - the individual's belief system


List the 10 propositions of REBT

1. People are born with the potential to be rational as well as irrational
2. People's tendency to irrational thinking, self damaging habituations, wishful thinking, and intolerance is frequently exacerbated by their culture and their family group
3. Humans perceive, think, emote and behave simultaneously
4. Not all psychotherapies are equally effective
5. Emphasizes philosophy of unconditional acceptance (of self and other and life)
6. A warm relationship between client and therapist isn't necessary or sufficient condition for effective personality change
7. Used role playing, assertion training, desensitization, humour and other tricks
8. Holds that most neurotic problems involve unrealistic, illogical, self-defeating thinking and if disturbance creating ideas are vigorously disputed by logico-empirical and pragmatic thinking, they can be minimized
9. Activating events don't directly cause emotional consequences. These consequences stem from people's interpretations of the activating events or adversities and beliefs about those events
10. Historically, psychology was considered a S-R science but it became evident that similar stimuli produce different responses in different people


REBT vs psychoanalysis

Eschews free association, dream analysis and gathering of history. Not concerned with sexual origins. When transference occurs, therapist attacks it


REBT vs Adlerian theory

Departs from Adlerian practices of stressing early childhood memories. More specific in disclosing, analyzing and disputing concrete internalized beliefs. More behavioural than Adlerian. While Adler said that people have basic functional premises and goals that proceed logically from these premises, REBT holds that people may have both logical and illogical deductions.


REBT vs Jungian outlook

Views clients holistically. Goals of therapy include growth and achievement of potential as well as relief of disturbed symptoms. Emphasizes enlightened individuality.

But deviates from Jung bc jungians preoccupied with dreams and fantasies


REBT vs person centred or relationship therapy

Both emphasize unconditional positive acceptance.

Relational therapists differ from rightism I'm that they actively teach that blaming is the source of emotional disturbance, leads to dreadful results, that it's possible to learn to avoid, can be avoided by challenging muster story assumptions.


REBT vs existentialism

Goals overlap with usual existentialist goals of helping clients define their own freedom, cultivate individuality, live in dialogue with others, accept their experiencing as highly important, be fully present in the moment, and learn to accept limits in life

But existentialists are prejudiced against the technology of therapy and non directive, but REBT used logical analysis and techniques


REBT vs behaviour modification

Has much in common, but because behaviour therapists are concerned with symptom removal and ignore cognitive aspects, REBT is closer to cognitive and multimodal therapists



REBT holds in it's theory and practice the primacy of demandingness, emphasizing shoulds and musts. REBT emphasizes philosophizing more than CY does. REBT emphasizes benefits of incorporating the practice of unconditional acceptance - USA, UOA, ULA. REBT practitioners also tend to use their techniques more forcefully, strongly and quickly than cognitive therapists


Name 4 ways in which people tend to alleviate pain when their demandingness gets them into emotional trouble

1. Distraction
2. Satisfaction of demands
3. Magic and mysticism
4. Minimization of demandingness


Name 3 ways in which REBT therapists help clients minimize their absolutistic core philosophies by using cognitive, emotive and behaviouristic procedures

1. Cognitively attempt to show clients that giving up perfectionism can help them lead happier, less anxiety ridden lives
2. Emotive my employ various means of dramatizing preferences and musts so that clients can clearly distinguish between the two
3. Behaviour therapy employed to help clients become habituated to more effective ways of performing and change their cognitions


Name 3 ways in which REBT emotive my employs various means of dramatizing preferences and musts to that clients can clearly distinguish between the two

1. Role playing to show clients how to adopt different ideas

2. Unconditional acceptance to demonstrate that clients are acceptable, even with their unfortunate traits

3. Strong disputing to persuade people to give up some of their crazy thinking and replace it with efficient notions


REBT accepts that there are many different kinds of psychological treatment and that most of them work to some degree. An elegant system of therapy includes what 4 factors?

1. Economy of time and effort
2. Rapid symptom reduction
3. Effectiveness with a large percentage of different kinds of clients
4. Depth of solution of the presenting problems
5. Lastingness of the therapeutic results


According to REBT, what is the main element of much neurotic disturbance

Childish demandingness


REBT practitioners often employ a rapid fire active directive persuasive philosophical methodology. What does this mean?

In most instances, they quickly pin clients down to a few basic dysfunctional beliefs. They challenge them to try to defend these ideas and show that they contain illogical premises that can't be substantiated logically.


Name 11 REBT mechanisms of psychotherapy

1. No matter what feelings the client brings out, therapist tries to get back to her irrational beliefs
2. Therapist doesn't hesitate to contradict the client
3. Therapist usually one step ahead
4. Assumes that if therapist can convince client that none of her behaviour denigrates her, he has helped her make deep attitudinal change
5. Therapist not thrown by distress. Interprets ideas behind these feelings
6. Therapist is fairly stern but shows full acceptance and demonstrates confidence in client ideas
7. Instead of telling client her ideas are irrational, keeps trying to get her to see this for herself
8. Deliberately uses strong language
9. Stay attuned to clients feelings and beliefs
10. Keeps checking client'a ostensible understanding of what he is teaching her
11. Does most of the talking and explaining