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Flashcards in RDP Deck (28):
1

What is halftime?

Time in minutes for a compartment to go halfway from its beginning tissue pressure to full

2

Fast vs slow tissues

Fast - absorb and release nitrogen quickly. Shorter halftime

3

What is the m value?

Maximum tissue pressure allowed to be left in a compartment after a dive
The faster the compartment, the shorter the half life, the higher the M value (more nitrogen allowed on surfacing)
M value is max value of inert gas pressure that a hypothetical tissue compartment can tolerate before showing symptoms of DCS
Also called: limits for tolerated over pressure, critical tensions and supersaturation limits

4

What are pressure groups on the RDP?

Representation of the amount of nitrogen absorbed

5

How are NDLs determined?

By the tissue compartment that reaches its m value first
On deep dives you have short NDLs as fast tissues reach m value first
On shallower dives you have longer NDLs as slow tissues reach m value first

6

What is the controlling department?

The compartment that reaches the m value first

7

What is the difference between the RDP and US Navy tables?

RDP: no deco stop, 14 compartments, 60 minute surface credit halftimes, faster gas washout, 6 hours to be clear of nitrogen after a dive. Designed for multiple dives a day with shorter surface intervals, gives longer bottom times on multiple dives - for recreational divers
US Navy tables: stage decompression, 6 compartments, 120 minute surface credit halftimes, slower gas washout, 12 hours to be clear of nitrogen. Designed for less dives a day with longer surface intervals (military)

8

How was the RDP developed?

Developed in 1987 and tested in 1988 by Dr Raymond Rogers working with DSAT (Diving Science And Technology)

9

Why was the USN tables originally the standard?

Making tables was difficult without computers
Many sports divers began as military divers
USN tables were widely available
Safe

10

Spencer limits, EE washout

Approx same M values as RDP so similar NDLs
During SI, all compartments release nitrogen at surface at their underwater halftime rate
EE = exponential exponential
Means repetitive deep dives require shorter SI than RDP but repetitive shallow dives require longer SI than RDP
Can permit dives that are not tested to work

11

Spencer limits, 60 minute washout

Similar NDLs to RDP
At surface, all compartments 60 mins or faster washout at 60 min rate (like RDP), all slower compartments washout at their underwater halftime rate
Dives similar to what RDP allows

12

Buhlmann limits, EE washout

Further reduced M values so more conservative NDLs
All compartments washout at underwater halftime rate
Uwatec and Scubapro computers

13

General rules for using the RDP

Pressure groups can not be swapped with other tables
Plan dives in cold water 4m deeper than actual
Plan deepest dive first
Limit max depths to experience level
When planning 3 or more dives a day, if the end pressure group after any dive is W or X, min SI is 1 hour. If it ends on Y or Z, min SI is 3 hours
Limit following dives to 30m or less
Safety stop at 5m for 3 mins on all dives
Always make a safety stop: after any dive below 30m, any time you will surface within 3 pressure groups of NDL, when a dive is made to any limit (black box) on the RDP

14

What are the depth limits for each diver grade?

DSD 12m
Open water 18m
Deep specialty 40m

15

Emergency deco procedures

8 mins at 5m must be done if NDL is exceeded by 5 mins or less, and diver must stay out of the water for 6 hours
If NDL is exceeded by more than 5 mins, then do 15 mins at 5m minimum, and diver must stay out of the water for 24 hours

16

Dives deeper than 40m

Ascend to 5m (at 18m a minute) and do a 8 min deco stop, and diver must be out of water for 6 hours

17

Missed deco stop

Remain out of water, breathe O2 and do not go back in for 24 hours

18

Diving at altitude

Over 300m above sea level requires training
Add 4% to depth for every 300m above sea level

19

Flying after diving

Minimum of 12 hours
For multiple dives a day, deeper dives or dives going into deco, 18 hours is recommended

20

What is Pyle's method for calculating deep stops?

Calculate a decompression profile using normal software
Take distance from bottom of dive to first deco stop and find mid point
This is deep stop - spend 2-3 mins here
Recalculate decompression profile including deep stop
If distance between deep stop and first deco stop is more than 30ft, add a second deep stop between the first deep stop and the first deco stop
Repeat until there is less than 30ft between deep stops and first deco stop

21

Workman M values

Established linear relationship between depth pressure and the tolerated inert gas pressure in each tissue compartment

22

Buhlmann M value

Same as Workmanship but based on absolute pressure not depth pressure

23

Both hands joined above head on surface means?

OK

24

What do you need to use theoretical depth tables?

Altitude of the dive

25

What is a visual inspection?

Checking inside tank and lubricating and checking o rings

26

What type of depth gauge is useful at altitude?

Capillary

27

Coral has a symbiotic relationship with which organism?

Zooxanthallae

28

What does testing RDP on divers in chambers and field tests achieve?

More conservative limits
Greater surface interval credit
18m ascent rate