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Flashcards in Reaction Pathways Deck (24)
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1

What are alkanes made from and what are the conditions?

Alkenes
Hydrogen and a nickel catalyst

2

What is benzene made from and what are the conditions?

Alkanes
Isomerism

3

What is nitrobenzene made from and what are the conditions?

Benzene
C. Sulphuric acid , C. Hydrochloric acid

4

What are benzene derivatives made from and what are the conditions?

Benzene
Aluminium chloride and a haloalkane

5

What is ethyl benzene made from and what are the conditions?

Benzene
Plus an alkane

6

What is phenylamine made from and what are the conditions?

Nitrobenzene
Tin and hydrochloric acod

7

What are diazonium compounds made from and what are the conditions?

Phenylamine
Sodium nitrate (NaNO2)/ HCl
>10degrees

8

What are azo dyes made from and what are the conditions?

Diazonium salts
Phenol
NaOH
>10 degrees

9

What is phenol made from and what are the conditions?

Diazonium salts
H2O warm

10

What are alkenes made from and what are the conditions?

Alkanes -> cracking
Halogenoalkanes-> alcoholic KOH
Primary alcohols -> Aluminium oxide at 400 degrees

11

What is ind ethanol made from and what are the conditions?

Alkenes
H3PO4/h20
300 degrees
70atm

12

What is polythene made from?

Alkenes

13

What are prm alcohols made from and what are the conditions?

Amines -> HONO
Alkenes-> c.h2SO4 /h2o
Aldehydes-> LiAlH4

14

What are sec alcohols made from and what are the conditions?

Ketones-> LiAlH4

15

What are halogenoalkanes made from and what are the conditions?

Alkenes-> HCl
Prm alcohols -> SOCl2

16

What are amines made from and what are the conditions?

Halogenoalkanes - NH3
Nitriles - LiAlH4

17

What are nitriles made from and what are the conditions?

Haloalkanes->KCN

18

What are ketones made from and what are the conditions?
Give the test

Secondary alcohols-> potassium dichromate & dil. H2SO4
Orange ppt with 2,4 DNP

19

What are aldehydes made from and what are the conditions?

Primary alcohols-> potassium dichromate /dil H2SO4
Distill the product, add alcohol in excess
Carboxylic acids-> LiAlH4

20

What are carboxylic acids made from and what are the conditions?

CH3COONa salts-> HCl
Aldehydes-> potassium dichromate / dil. h2SO4
Acid chlorides -> h20
Esters-> h20

21

What are sodium salts made from and what are the conditions?

Carboxylic acids-> NaOH

22

What are acid chlorides made from and what are the conditions?

Carboxylic acids -SOCl2

23

What are esters made from and what are the conditions?

Carboxylic acids -> alcohols, c.H2SO4
Acid chlorides -> alcohol

24

What are amides made from and what are the conditions?

Carboxylic acids-> add ammonium carbonate to excess COOH, dehydrate

Nitriles-> LiAlH4 in ethoxyethane followed by a dilute acid
Acid chlorides -NH3