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Early Modern England and Wales > Reformation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reformation Deck (50):
1

How did Collinson describe the Reformation?

The Greatest geological faultline in European Civilization

2

Who experienced the Reformation?

Everyone in Early Modern England and Wales

3

Who lead the Reformation?

Henry VIII
Edward IV
Mary I
Elizabeth I

4

What was the response to Martin Luther's break with Rome in England?

Very Little

5

How was the power of the church communicated to the congregation?

Non-lingustic ways

6

What are examples of how the power of the church was communicated?

Stained glass
Rood screens, divine between laity and clergy

7

How did saints play a role in people's life?

Were understood to directly intervene in people's life

8

What theologically was Henry VIII?

Catholic

9

What theologically was Edward VI?

Pure Protestant

10

What theologically was Mary I?

Catholic

11

What theologically was Elizabeth I?

Halfway House

12

What important act signalled the Reformation?

Dissolution of the Monasteries (1532-1540)

13

Was the Reformation just physical?

No, Protestant faith much more about scripture. Worship of saints banned.

14

What were physical changes?

No rood screen, no divide between the clergy and congregation

15

What was the variance in the experience of the Reformation?

All places impacted, but resistance varied

16

What is a dangerous presumption to make about the Reformation?

That England was protestant state, no one knew where it was going

17

What was the older view of the Reformation?

Emphasise government policy-statutes

18

Which historians endorsed the older view of the Reformation?

Nation Historians-Elton/Pollard

19

What is the alternative view of the Reformation?

Bottom Up-Links between Lollard movement and hot spots

20

What was the revisionist view of the Reformation?

Also Bottom Up but resistance to Reformation

21

Who are Reformation Revisionist Historians?

Haigh and Duffy

22

Why can it be said the Reformation failed?

Ignorance of protestant teaching and catholic teaching abound

23

What event can be used as an example that the Reformation failed?

Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536

24

What was the Pilgrimage of Grace?

Uprising against Henry's Reformation

25

Who has argued that the Reformation failed?

Fletcher-Conservative society against Reformation

26

What is the issue with revisionist theories of the Reformation?

Difficult to account for success of Reformation-Becomes state religion

27

What two key events solidified the Reformation?

Spanish Armada
Gunpowder Plot

28

Why did the Spanish Armada solidify English Protestantism?

Because they won due to God's intervention

29

Why did the Gunpowder Plot solidify English Protestantism?

Created antipathy against towards Catholics

30

What did Duffy argue about the Reformation?

Mary's reign was not sterile but powerful counter-revolution

31

What did Dickens argue?

Mary failed to discover the counter-revolution

32

What does Collinson warn about revisionist takes on the Reformation?

Must not go too far, Catholic England did eventually become one of the most Protestant nations

33

What does Collinson say about the complexity of the Reformation?

It is too complex to label, obscuring our understanding

34

Does Collinson believe the Reformation was an iconoclastic process?

Yes, if anything, pre-reformation religion oral and visual while post was religion of the printed book (Foxe)

35

How does Collinson believe that Protestantism took root?

Mass production of NTs because burning copies futile

36

Why does Collinson say historians should be careful dividing the Reformation as a process between print and no print?

Protestants used oral culture-Calvin never for print
Catholics would use print to survive during clandestine period

37

How important was the physical presence of the church in Wales?

As important in Wales as in England

38

Why was the church as important in Wales as England?

Images of saints-Home grown saints (St Telio)
Vibrancy of churches

39

What problems faced the Welsh Catholic Church?

Welsh dioceses were impoverished

40

Why did Wales have to take part in the Reformation?

If England became Protestant so did Wales for security reasons

41

Was there much resistance to the Reformation in Wales?

Little resistance, no revolts, probably because Gentry were supportive

42

What was Wales's reaction to Mary I?

Elicited little reaction, most people happy to see return of old faith

43

Why was the Welsh language a stumbling block for the Reformation?

No provision for the Welsh Language

44

What was Protestantism seen as in Wales?

Faith of the Saxons, a foreign imposition

45

How did the Tudors treat languages?

Did not accommodate them

46

Which act allowed Protestant texts to be translated?

The Act of 1536

47

Why was the Act of 1536 contradictory to Tudor ideals?

Subverted idea of linguistic uniformity

48

Which two groups weren't happy with the Reformation?

Catholics
Puritans

49

How did Salesbury (1567) make Protestantism less foreign?

Argued Welsh were original Britons and experienced the faith until Augustine, therefore not new but revival

50

Why were Catholics a issue for the Reformation?

Minority but numerous in places such as Monmouthshire