Flashcards in Reformation Deck (50):
How did Collinson describe the Reformation?
The Greatest geological faultline in European Civilization
Who experienced the Reformation?
Everyone in Early Modern England and Wales
Who lead the Reformation?
What was the response to Martin Luther's break with Rome in England?
How was the power of the church communicated to the congregation?
What are examples of how the power of the church was communicated?
Rood screens, divine between laity and clergy
How did saints play a role in people's life?
Were understood to directly intervene in people's life
What theologically was Henry VIII?
What theologically was Edward VI?
What theologically was Mary I?
What theologically was Elizabeth I?
What important act signalled the Reformation?
Dissolution of the Monasteries (1532-1540)
Was the Reformation just physical?
No, Protestant faith much more about scripture. Worship of saints banned.
What were physical changes?
No rood screen, no divide between the clergy and congregation
What was the variance in the experience of the Reformation?
All places impacted, but resistance varied
What is a dangerous presumption to make about the Reformation?
That England was protestant state, no one knew where it was going
What was the older view of the Reformation?
Emphasise government policy-statutes
Which historians endorsed the older view of the Reformation?
What is the alternative view of the Reformation?
Bottom Up-Links between Lollard movement and hot spots
What was the revisionist view of the Reformation?
Also Bottom Up but resistance to Reformation
Who are Reformation Revisionist Historians?
Haigh and Duffy
Why can it be said the Reformation failed?
Ignorance of protestant teaching and catholic teaching abound
What event can be used as an example that the Reformation failed?
Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536
What was the Pilgrimage of Grace?
Uprising against Henry's Reformation
Who has argued that the Reformation failed?
Fletcher-Conservative society against Reformation
What is the issue with revisionist theories of the Reformation?
Difficult to account for success of Reformation-Becomes state religion
What two key events solidified the Reformation?
Why did the Spanish Armada solidify English Protestantism?
Because they won due to God's intervention
Why did the Gunpowder Plot solidify English Protestantism?
Created antipathy against towards Catholics
What did Duffy argue about the Reformation?
Mary's reign was not sterile but powerful counter-revolution
What did Dickens argue?
Mary failed to discover the counter-revolution
What does Collinson warn about revisionist takes on the Reformation?
Must not go too far, Catholic England did eventually become one of the most Protestant nations
What does Collinson say about the complexity of the Reformation?
It is too complex to label, obscuring our understanding
Does Collinson believe the Reformation was an iconoclastic process?
Yes, if anything, pre-reformation religion oral and visual while post was religion of the printed book (Foxe)
How does Collinson believe that Protestantism took root?
Mass production of NTs because burning copies futile
Why does Collinson say historians should be careful dividing the Reformation as a process between print and no print?
Protestants used oral culture-Calvin never for print
Catholics would use print to survive during clandestine period
How important was the physical presence of the church in Wales?
As important in Wales as in England
Why was the church as important in Wales as England?
Images of saints-Home grown saints (St Telio)
Vibrancy of churches
What problems faced the Welsh Catholic Church?
Welsh dioceses were impoverished
Why did Wales have to take part in the Reformation?
If England became Protestant so did Wales for security reasons
Was there much resistance to the Reformation in Wales?
Little resistance, no revolts, probably because Gentry were supportive
What was Wales's reaction to Mary I?
Elicited little reaction, most people happy to see return of old faith
Why was the Welsh language a stumbling block for the Reformation?
No provision for the Welsh Language
What was Protestantism seen as in Wales?
Faith of the Saxons, a foreign imposition
How did the Tudors treat languages?
Did not accommodate them
Which act allowed Protestant texts to be translated?
The Act of 1536
Why was the Act of 1536 contradictory to Tudor ideals?
Subverted idea of linguistic uniformity
Which two groups weren't happy with the Reformation?
How did Salesbury (1567) make Protestantism less foreign?
Argued Welsh were original Britons and experienced the faith until Augustine, therefore not new but revival