Regions of upper limb Flashcards Preview

ANATOMY ONE > Regions of upper limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in Regions of upper limb Deck (11):
1

infraclacicular region
- borders
- content

border:
sup: clavicula
lat: deltoid
med: vertical line of sternoclavicularjoint

content:
-platysma
-pectoralis fascia
- pectorali major
- supraclavicular n.
- axillary hiatus
- cephalic v.
-thracoacromial a.
- subclavius m.
-lymphatic of infraclavicular and axilary

2

Axillary region
-border
-content

-Borders
ant: pectoralis major and minior
post: lastimus dors and teres major
lat: biceps, coracobrachialis
med: seratus anderior (body wall)

-Content:
brachial plexus
axillary a. with branches:
- superior thoracic
- thoracoacromial a.
- lateral thoracic a.
- subscapular a.
-circumflex scapular a.
- thoracodorsal a.
- ant/post circumflex humeral a.

3

Deltoid Region
-borders
-content

margins of the deltoid m.

content:

● Superficial branches of Axillary n
○ lat cutaneous n of upper arm
● Supraclavicular nn < C3­4
● Cephalic v < axillary v < subclavian v
● Deltoid branch of thoracoacromial a
● Post circumflex humeral a < axillary a
● Axillary n <
● Ant circumflex humeral a < axillary a

4

Ant Brachial Region
-borders
- content

borders:
Sup: transverse line along lower margin of pectoralis
major
Inf: transverse line three fingers above cubital fossa
Med: med. bicipital groove
Lat: lat. bicipital groove
content:
● Cephalic & Basilic vv < axillary v
● Med. cutaneous n of the arm
● Med. cutaneous n of the forearm
● Median n
● Brachial a & v < axillary a & v
● Ulnar n
● Sup. Ulnar collateral a < brachial a < axillary a
● Inf. Ulnar collateral a < brachial a
● Musculocutaneous n
● Radial n

5

content of Medial bicipital groove

median n,
brachial a accompanying vv,
medial cutaneous n of the forearm,
the ulnar n

6

Ant Cubital Region

Sup: three fingers above the cubital fossa
Inf: three fingers below the cubital fossa
Med: perpendicular line through the medial epicondyle
Lat: perpendicular line through the lateral epicondyle

content:
● Cephalic v < axillary v
● Basilic v < axillary v
● Median v of the forearm < both cephalic and basilic vv
● Med. cutaneous n of the forearm
● Lat. cutaneous n of the forearm
● Median n
● Brachial a < axillary a
○ Radial a
- recurrent radial a
- radial collateral a
○ Ulnar a
- recurrent ulnar a
● Radial n
-superficial branch
- deep branch

7

Ant. Antebrachial Region

Sup: three fingers below the middle of the cubital fossa
Inf: transverse line across the head of the ulna
Med: line connecting medial epicondyle with styloid process of ulna
Lat: line connecting lateral epicondyle with styloid process of radius

cotent:
● Basilic v < axillary v
● Cephalic v < axillary v
● Med. cutaneous n of forearm
● Lat. cutaneous n of forearm
● Radial a < Brachial a
● Superficial branch of radial n
● Radial v < brachial v < axillary v
● Ulnar a < brachial a
● Ulnar n <
● Ulnar v < brachial v
● Median n

8

Ant. Carpal Region

Sup: transverse line across head of ulna
Inf: transverse line connecting medial and lateral carpal eminences
Med: med. border of the wrist
Lat: lat. border of the wrist

content:
Cephalic v
Basilic v
Lat. cutaneous n of forearm
Med. cutaneous n of forearm
superficial branch of radial a
Radial v
Median n
Ulnar a,v,n

9

Palmar Region

Sup: line connecting ulnar and radial carpal eminences
Inf: edge of skin folds at base of fingers around level of
proximal phalanges
Med: edge of hypothenar eminence
Lat: lat. margin of thenar eminence and skin fold between first and second fingers.

content:
Radial a
Radial n
Median n
Ulnar a
Ulnar n
Superficial palmar arch < radial a & ulnar a
Deep palmar arch < mainly radial a
Common and proper palmar digital aa. < superficial palmar arch
Common and proper palmar digital nn. < median n
Princeps pollicis a. < radial a

10

carpal tunnel

sup: flexor retinaculum
inf: carpal bones
med: medial carpal eminence
lat: lateral carpal eminence

content:
flexor digitorum superficialis m
flexor digitorum profundus m
flexor pollicis longus m
median n

11

gyons canal?

lat: hamate bone
inf: flexor retinaculum
sup: palmaris brevis

content: ulnar a.v.n