What can you do if you see the approach lights at minimums?
You can proceed to go below the minimums, and up to 100 feet above TDZE
What do you need to in order to descend below MDA?
- Runway environment in sight
- Normal rate of descent
- Visibility is not less than the chart visibility
- At least one of the following visual references is available:
(i) The approach light system *until 100 feet above the touchdown zone
(ii) The threshold.
(iii) The threshold markings.
(iv) The threshold lights.
(v) The runway end identifier lights.
(vii) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings.
(viii) The touchdown zone lights.
(ix) The runway markings.
(x) The runway lights
What is the difference between Transition Level and Transition Altitude?
Transition Level = Lowest usable flight level
Transition Altitude = Highest altitude at or below which you’ll be assigned altitudes in feet
What are RVSM altitude airspace?
Reduced Vertical Separation Minima
What is the difference between minimum fuel and emergency fuel?
1. 45 mins of IFR reserve
2. Does not give you priority
1. Less than 30 min of flight time
2. Need to land now
What part of the approach segment is the final segment?
What are the segments for an approach?
FAF to the MAP
Initial, Intermediate, Final, Missed Approach
When is an alternate airport required?
Weather at +/-1Hr of arrival is less than 2000FT Ceiling with a visibility of less than 3SM (15,000ft or 4,800m)
When does the ILS critical area go into effect?
800’ - 2SM
What does climb via mean?
It allows the pilot to climb using the Standart Instrument Departure procedure following published speeds and altitudes on the SID chart
What is the definition of Flight Into Known Icing?
Known icing conditions exist when atmospheric conditions which the formation
of ice is observed detected in flight
PIREP: Report from another aircraft
Flying into a condition at or below 10C and can’t ensure free of visible moisture
Where is the touchdown zone on a runway?
First 3000 ft , or first third of the runway
Where is the FAF on an ILS?
When would you declare minimum fuel?
Landing with 45 min or less fuel endurance
Descending into LGA La Guardia (NY), pass the final approach fix and braking reported nil captain won’t go missed, what do you do?
State clearly that the runway is not suitable for landing…against regulation and
take aircraft if necessary
If no response, tell ATC “Spirit XXX, Going Around”
If no response, take over
What would you do if you turned off the runway onto a closed taxiway?
Stop then notify ATC for instructions for getting back onto the correct taxiway