Flashcards in Reign of Tsar Nicholas II - Transferred Deck (23)
What are the Populists?
What type of opposition group were the Populists?
A revolution opposition group
What was the main belief of the Populist group?
The future of Russia lay in the hands of the peasants
What was the first step that the Populists believed needed to be taken?
Over throwing of the Tsarist system
Which classes were the Populist members usually from?
Upper and middle classes
What did the Populists believe their duty was?
Educate the peasants on their revolutionary role?
At first, the Populists did what to try and stir up a revolution?
Lived with peasants for a period of time, to educate them on their role
How did the peasants view Populist members?
'Airy - fairy thinkers with no knowledge of real life'
Was the initial attempt by the Populists to stir up revolution a success?
What happened as a result of the failing of the 'peaceful' attempts to educate peasants?
The People's Will was created and some members focused on achieving their aims via terrorism
When was the People's Will founded?
What was the intention of the People's Will?
Assassinating various members of the Russia ruling class
How many members did the People's Will have?
What was the most significant assassination carried out by the People's Will?
The assassination of Tsar Alexander II
When was Tsar Alexander II assassinated?
How did the assassination of Tsar Alexander II affect the Populist movement?
- Weakened the Populist movement
How did the assassination of Tsar Alexander II affect the Russian people?
- Caused more policies which increased repression to be brought in
What effect did the Populist movement have on future opposition groups?
The Populist movement was influential to all future revolutionary parties
Members of Liberal/Reformist parties tended to be ____?
Middle class, eg. lawyers, small industrialists
How did national minorities view Liberal groups?
A way to gain independence from Imperial Russia
What were the three main Liberal groups?
- Union of Liberation
- Constitutional Democrats (Kadets)
When was the Union of Liberation founded?