Reign of Tsar Nicholas II - Transferred Flashcards Preview

A Level OCR History: Russia 1894-1941 > Reign of Tsar Nicholas II - Transferred > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reign of Tsar Nicholas II - Transferred Deck (23)
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1

What are the Populists?

Opposition Group

2

What type of opposition group were the Populists?

A revolution opposition group

3

What was the main belief of the Populist group?

The future of Russia lay in the hands of the peasants

4

What was the first step that the Populists believed needed to be taken?

Over throwing of the Tsarist system

5

Which classes were the Populist members usually from?

Upper and middle classes

6

What did the Populists believe their duty was?

Educate the peasants on their revolutionary role?

7

At first, the Populists did what to try and stir up a revolution?

Lived with peasants for a period of time, to educate them on their role

8

How did the peasants view Populist members?

'Airy - fairy thinkers with no knowledge of real life'

9

Was the initial attempt by the Populists to stir up revolution a success?

No

10

What happened as a result of the failing of the 'peaceful' attempts to educate peasants?

The People's Will was created and some members focused on achieving their aims via terrorism

11

When was the People's Will founded?

1879

12

What was the intention of the People's Will?

Assassinating various members of the Russia ruling class

13

How many members did the People's Will have?

Around 400

14

What was the most significant assassination carried out by the People's Will?

The assassination of Tsar Alexander II

15

When was Tsar Alexander II assassinated?

1881

16

How did the assassination of Tsar Alexander II affect the Populist movement?

- Weakened the Populist movement

17

How did the assassination of Tsar Alexander II affect the Russian people?

- Caused more policies which increased repression to be brought in

18

What effect did the Populist movement have on future opposition groups?

The Populist movement was influential to all future revolutionary parties

19

Members of Liberal/Reformist parties tended to be ____?

Middle class, eg. lawyers, small industrialists

20

How did national minorities view Liberal groups?

A way to gain independence from Imperial Russia

21

What were the three main Liberal groups?

- Union of Liberation
- Octobrists
- Constitutional Democrats (Kadets)

22

When was the Union of Liberation founded?

1904

23

What was the significance of the Union of Liberation?

First significant Liberal movement in Russia