Relaxation Training and Aquatic Exercise Flashcards Preview

NPTE Therapeutic Exercise > Relaxation Training and Aquatic Exercise > Flashcards

Flashcards in Relaxation Training and Aquatic Exercise Deck (14):
1

Jacobson's progressive relaxation technique includes

a systematic distal to proximal progression of conscious contraction and relaxation of musculature

2

Buoyancy

The upward force of water on an immersed or partially immersed body or body part

3

Cohesion

The tendency of water molecules to adhere to each other
Resistance encountered while moving through water is due to cohesion - some force is needed to separate water molecules

4

Density

the mass per unit volume of a substance
Density of water is proportional to its depth

5

Hydrostatic pressure

the circumferential water pressure exerted on an immersed body part
A pressure gradient is established between the surface water and the deeper water due to inc density in deeper water

6

Hydrostatic pressure - Pascals law states that

the pressure exerted on an immersed body part is equal on all surfaces

7

Hydrostatic pressure - increased pressure counteracts

effusion and edema
enhances peripheral blood flow

8

Turbulence

movement of a body part through water creates a circular motion of the water near the surface of the part, producing frictional drag

9

Thermodynamics - cooler temp used for

higher intensity exercise

10

Thermodynamics - warmer temp used for

enhance mobility, flexibility, and relaxation

11

Thermodynamics - at temps more than 37 C (98.5 F) patients have

inc cardiovascular demands at rest and with exercise

12

Thermodynamics - at temps less than 25 C (77 F) patients have

difficulty maintaining core temp

13

Equipment - Buoyancy assistance devices

Inflatable cervical collar, flotation rings, buoyancy belt or vest, kickboard

14

Contraindications to aquatic therapy

B/B incontinence
Kidney disease
Epilepsy
Severe cardiac or resp dysfunction
Severe PVD
Large open wounds, infections, colostomy
Bleeding or hemorrhage
Water and airborne infections