Flashcards in Religion Deck (26):
Attitude to religion
-Romans saw supernatural powers in everything that we can explain through science - weather, crop growing.
-they saw no reason to change their religion as is achieved results.
-compared to now, Romans were very superstitious .
-gods were not seen as naturally kind or benevolent (unlike today).
-life after death was nothing or the underworld.
-performing rituals correctly was hard - if something went wrong they would start again.
-God of doorways
-protected way in and out of house
-Godess of the hearth
-important for cooking and sacrifices
-Spirits of the household
-worshipped at the Lararium, a shrine in the atrium
Spirits of the store-cupboard
The spirits of the family's dead ancestors
The guardian spirit of the Paterfamilias
What did priests not have?
A vocation - they were practically aways politicians
-Diana (fertility in women)
Where were most of the temples?
In the Forum
-Led by the Pontifex Maximus
-ran state ceremonies and looked after sacred law
-Interpreted signs send by the God
-used the flight of birds, sacred chickens and the sky for signs of omens
Collection of oracles consulted in times of crisis to help Rome avoid disaster
Vestal Virgins aim
To watch over the fire of Vesta in her temple and make sure it never went out
What age do Vestal Virgins start and how long do they do it for?
-Enrolled at age 7
-served for 30 years
How many Virgins were there?
How were the VV's chosen?
From old patrician families of good health
Where did the VV's live?
In a palatial building next to the temple of Vesta in the heart of the Roman Forum
Punishment VV's got for blowing flame out
Whipping or stoning to death
Punishment VV's got for breaking chastity
Advantages for VV's
-Front seats at games
-only women allowed to travel in carriage
-no legal guardian
Priests had to
-Obey strict rules in their personal life and follow very complicated ritual carefully
-wore veil on head
-Priests for individual Gods
-to please gods, Flamines could never go outside without a cap and has to bury his hair and nail-clippings under a fruitful tree
God of wine, worshipped by both men and women at night with drinking, music, dancing
Promised life after death and was thought to protect her worshippers in a motherly and caring way