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Classciv - Roman Societly > Religion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion Deck (26):
1

Attitude to religion

-Romans saw supernatural powers in everything that we can explain through science - weather, crop growing.
-they saw no reason to change their religion as is achieved results.
-compared to now, Romans were very superstitious .
-gods were not seen as naturally kind or benevolent (unlike today).
-life after death was nothing or the underworld.
-performing rituals correctly was hard - if something went wrong they would start again.

2

Janus

-God of doorways
-protected way in and out of house

3

Vesta

-Godess of the hearth
-important for cooking and sacrifices

4

The Lares

-Spirits of the household
-worshipped at the Lararium, a shrine in the atrium

5

Penates

Spirits of the store-cupboard

6

The Manes

The spirits of the family's dead ancestors

7

The Genius

The guardian spirit of the Paterfamilias

8

What did priests not have?

A vocation - they were practically aways politicians

9

Major Gods:

-Mars (war)
-Juno (women)
-Diana (fertility in women)

10

Where were most of the temples?

In the Forum

11

Pontiffs

-Led by the Pontifex Maximus
-ran state ceremonies and looked after sacred law

12

Augurs

-Interpreted signs send by the God
-used the flight of birds, sacred chickens and the sky for signs of omens

13

Sybilline Books

Collection of oracles consulted in times of crisis to help Rome avoid disaster

14

Vestal Virgins aim

To watch over the fire of Vesta in her temple and make sure it never went out

15

What age do Vestal Virgins start and how long do they do it for?

-Enrolled at age 7
-served for 30 years

16

How many Virgins were there?

6

17

How were the VV's chosen?

From old patrician families of good health

18

Where did the VV's live?

In a palatial building next to the temple of Vesta in the heart of the Roman Forum

19

Punishment VV's got for blowing flame out

Whipping or stoning to death

20

Punishment VV's got for breaking chastity

Buried alive

21

Advantages for VV's

-Front seats at games
-only women allowed to travel in carriage
-no legal guardian
-vote
-buisness

22

Priests had to

-Obey strict rules in their personal life and follow very complicated ritual carefully
-wore veil on head

23

Flamines

-Priests for individual Gods
-to please gods, Flamines could never go outside without a cap and has to bury his hair and nail-clippings under a fruitful tree

24

Bacchus

God of wine, worshipped by both men and women at night with drinking, music, dancing

25

Isis

Promised life after death and was thought to protect her worshippers in a motherly and caring way

26

Christians

-Welcomed converts from all backgrounds
-believe in life after death
-regarded as criminals (crucifixion only used on criminals)
-used as scapegoats for great fire of Rome in 64 AD