Flashcards in Religion, Humanism, And Art Deck (58)
Define erastian kingship
The theory that king should be head of the church
Those who thought the CC was sinning and not as religious as it could be
Name the 7 sacraments
4) anointing the sick
6) holy orders
7) the Eucharist
People who congregated to say prayers for the dead
The purchasing of a clerical office
Holding more than 1 clerical office at one time
Bishops who did not reside in their diocese but still collected tax
Define nepotism in the context of the church
Donating a clerical post to one’s family
Why was sexual misconduct a form of clerical abuse?
Ignored vow of celibacy
When you had sinned, were going to die, and needed a priest to pray for your transcendence from the pits of purgatory to the pearly gates of Heaven
Name a criticism of indulgences, and the Biblical passage it contravenes?
Needed money- poor can’t do that- elitist.
Contravenes Mark 10:25
“Harder for a camel to go through the eye of a needle...”
Define papal primacy
Pope= head of CoE
Opposite of erastian kingship
Define papal infallibility
Pope is right about everything- can never be wrong!
The Latin version of the bible
What is the only way to achieve salvation?
By following as many of the other 7 sacraments as possible
Central act of worship
Took place every Sunday
Was said in Latin by the priest
A ceremony performed by the priest in which the congregation believe they are witnessing the re-enactment of Christ’s sacrifice in a process called transubstantiation
Where the bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ
Why is the priest the central figure in the Eucharist?
When he held the consecrated bread above his head the faithful believed they were gazing upon Christ’s return to Earth
What was considered the most important Sacrament?
The process of repenting for one’s sins
Name 4 ways in which penance is achieved
3) good works
Name 3 things people did to shorten their stay in purgatory
1) performed penance while on Earth
2) payed for indulgences/ masses for the dead to be said in their name
3) many confraternities formed to say prayers for the dead
Why were priests called intercessors?
They interceded on behalf of the person to a deity/ saint through prayer
What cult did many communities form to protect against misfortune?
Cult of saints
What was endemic to this period (in terms of St.s)
Name 2 examples of Holy Shrines to which people visited on pilgrimage?
1) Our Lady Walsingham, Norfolk
2) Shrine of St Thomas Beckett, Canterbury
What % of parish churches in SUFFOLK does E.Duffy estimate were built using monetary donations?