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Henry VII A* Masterclass > Religion, Humanism, And Art > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion, Humanism, And Art Deck (58)
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1

Define erastian kingship

The theory that king should be head of the church

2

Define AC

Those who thought the CC was sinning and not as religious as it could be

3

Name the 7 sacraments

1) baptism
2) confirmation
3) marriage
4) anointing the sick
5) penance
6) holy orders
7) the Eucharist

4

Define confraternities

People who congregated to say prayers for the dead

5

Define simony

The purchasing of a clerical office

6

Define pluralism

Holding more than 1 clerical office at one time

7

Define non-residence

AKA. ABSENTEEISM

Bishops who did not reside in their diocese but still collected tax

8

Define nepotism in the context of the church

Donating a clerical post to one’s family

9

Why was sexual misconduct a form of clerical abuse?

Ignored vow of celibacy

10

Define indulgences

When you had sinned, were going to die, and needed a priest to pray for your transcendence from the pits of purgatory to the pearly gates of Heaven

11

Name a criticism of indulgences, and the Biblical passage it contravenes?

Needed money- poor can’t do that- elitist.

Contravenes Mark 10:25

12

Mark 10:25

“Harder for a camel to go through the eye of a needle...”

13

Define papal primacy

Pope= head of CoE
Opposite of erastian kingship

14

Define papal infallibility

Pope is right about everything- can never be wrong!

15

Define vulgate

The Latin version of the bible

16

What is the only way to achieve salvation?

By following as many of the other 7 sacraments as possible

17

Define Mass

Central act of worship
Took place every Sunday
Was said in Latin by the priest

18

Define Eucharist

A ceremony performed by the priest in which the congregation believe they are witnessing the re-enactment of Christ’s sacrifice in a process called transubstantiation

19

Define transubstantiation

Where the bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ

20

Why is the priest the central figure in the Eucharist?

When he held the consecrated bread above his head the faithful believed they were gazing upon Christ’s return to Earth

21

What was considered the most important Sacrament?

Eucharist

22

Define penance

The process of repenting for one’s sins

23

Name 4 ways in which penance is achieved

1) prayer
2) confession
3) good works
4) fasting

24

Name 3 things people did to shorten their stay in purgatory

1) performed penance while on Earth
2) payed for indulgences/ masses for the dead to be said in their name
3) many confraternities formed to say prayers for the dead

25

Why were priests called intercessors?

They interceded on behalf of the person to a deity/ saint through prayer

26

What cult did many communities form to protect against misfortune?

Cult of saints

27

What was endemic to this period (in terms of St.s)

Hagiography

28

Name 2 examples of Holy Shrines to which people visited on pilgrimage?

1) Our Lady Walsingham, Norfolk
2) Shrine of St Thomas Beckett, Canterbury

29

What % of parish churches in SUFFOLK does E.Duffy estimate were built using monetary donations?

C. 50%

30

How many confraternities were there alone in LONDON in 15thC?

176