Religion, Humanism, And Art Part 2 Flashcards Preview

Henry VII A* Masterclass > Religion, Humanism, And Art Part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion, Humanism, And Art Part 2 Deck (61)
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1

Which office of state was particularly monopolised by churchmen?

Chancellor

2

Out of the 27 bishops H7 apptd, how many had degrees in law and not theology?

16

3

Where did Humanism originate?

Florence

4

Between 1460-1509 how many new grammar schools were founded?

53

5

Which 2 school types provided educational opportunities for the young?

1) song schools
2) reading schools

6

In which decade saw the beginning of the humanistic approach in schools?

1480s

7

Which school was the humanist approach considered most important?

Magdalene College school, oxford

8

Which uni saw a substantial expansion in the first half of h7’s reign?

Ox

9

In the latter half of his reign, who had several new colleges, mostly thanks to the generosity of Margaret Beaufort?

Camb

10

Name 2 colleges which were founded in Camb

1) Christ’s College
2) St John’s College

11

What were the most famous dramas?

The mystery dramas at the feasts of Corpus Christi

Performed by the guilds of towns like York and Lincoln

12

In music, single line chants were superseded by? Where were these heard?

Polyphonic choral chants (think church acapella) heard in cathedrals and churches

13

What was the most important source for polyphonic choral chants?

The Eton Choir Book (1504)

Had a collection of 93 compositions

14

The 2 most important composers represented in the Eton Choir book had CLOSE LINKS with H7’s pol est, and their names were...

1) Thomas Browne- employed in JT’s household
2) Robert Fairfax- regularly benefitted from H7 and MB’s patronage

15

Where was music often performed?

From the minstrels gallery at court and in the houses of the rich

16

Name 2 common instruments used in this era

1) trumpets
2) shawms

17

What 2 musical groups often entertained crowds on saints days?

1) bagpipe
2) wind groups

18

Which 2 composers also composed popular secular songs?

Thomas Browne and Robert Fairfax

19

Vast number of parish churches were built and rebuilt in what style

Gothic perpendicular

20

2 examples of churches renovated in the gothic perpendicular style

- St Mary Redcliffe (Bristol)
- major wool churches in East Anglia, ex: Lavenham- benefitted from money made by cloth trade

21

In which year did H7 approve the GP style for the Lady chapel in WA?\

1507

22

When did William Caxton establish his printing press?

1477

23

An example of a musical piece allegedly conducted by H8

“2 compositions for recorders” (1540)

24

What was the most important and favoured popular art form?

Drama

25

Which 2 church positions had Margaret Beaufort’s uncle occupied?

1) cardinal
2) BoWinchester

26

How many guilds did the rural parish of Salle, Norfolk have?

7

27

Which town paid for the expensive project of building a spire on the parish church?

Louth, Lincolnshire

28

What percentage of adult males were monks in 1500

1%

29

How many monastic communities were there?

900

30

Name 3 monastic houses

1) Benedictines
2) Carthusians
3) Cistercians