Flashcards in Religious Language (Analogy, Symbol, V.N) Deck (16):
Describing something unfamiliar to us by making comparisons with something we know
Analogy of Attribution with examples?
Definition: attributes we ascribe to each other are a reflection of God.
Eg: Aquinas, bulls urine.
Brian Davies, baker/bread.
Strengths of Analogy of Attribution:
+ 1: Hick: reincarnation of Jesus allows us to make statements about God
+ 2: We are made in God's image so our attributes must be similar
Weaknesses of Analogy of Attribution:
- 1: Anthropomorphic, brings God to human level.
- 2: Negative attributes?
- 3: Requires previous faith in God
Pseudo Dionysus "God is beyond assertion"
Analogy of Proportion explanation with examples
Quality point toward another thing. Degree depends upon the nature of the being possessing the quality.
God = infinite
Eg: Hick: dog 🐕 + faithfulness
Same meaning different degree
Strengths of Analogy of Proportion
+ 1: Avoid anthropomorphism
+ 2: True to Judao-Christian as all powerful (infinite)
Weaknesses of Analogy of proportion
- 1: Vague, we cannot understand infinity
- 2: Requires prior belief of God
- 3 : Negative statements? infinitely Negative?
Pseudo Dionysis "God is beyond assertion"
Strongest weakness of Analogy and strength of Symbol
Pseudo Dionysus: "God is beyond assertion" which means that words limit our understanding of God.
Define + explain use of Symbols
Symbol: Points us toward something and communicates something powerful
Paul Tillich: participate in and reveal higher power
Weaknesses of Symbol
- 1: VAGUE, "show higher reality" mean?
- 2: John HICK: what does a FLAG participate in?
- 3: Alston: if not literally true, "WHAT ARE THEY"
Strengths of Symbol
+ 1: 97% communication NON-VERBAL
+ 2: Deeper meaning eg: POPPY, invokes tears
+ 3: Non-COMMUNITY can still understand general meaning
Define Via Negativa
"The way of the negative"
Explain Via Negativa
Says what God is not. Avoid anthropomorphism
Used first by Plotinus to describe "form of the good". Seperate and unknowable
Later used by Pseudo Dionysis to describe His and "God is above assertion"
Describe 2 Scholars who support Via Negative
Plotinus: used VN to describe the "form of the good". (God) is seperate and unknowable.
Pseudo Dionysis: "God is beyond assertion" Used V.N to talk about God
Strengths of Via Negativa
+ 1: Prevents anthropomorphism
+ 2: Conveys transcendence of God
+ 3: More respectful