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Flashcards in Remembering and Forgetting Deck (14):
0

Who proposed the multi-store model if memory?

Atkinson and Shiffrin.

1

What are the three stores of the multi-store model?

Short-term store and long-term store. Stimuli from the environment are held for a brief time in a sensory register.

2

What does modality-specific mean?

Refers to the senses such as sight, touch and smell. The information is held in the sense they are registered.

3

What is the capacity and duration of the sensory register?

Large, but a brief duration of about 1/4 of a second to 4 seconds.

4

What is the experiment of the sensory register?

Sperling. The results indicated that the sensory register can hold at least 9 items.

5

What was the paper published by Miller?

'The Magical Number Seven'. It shows the limit of short term memory to be +/- 7 items.

6

How can the capacity of the short term memory be extended?

Through chunking items into meaningful wholes.

BBC, C4, ITV, AA, RAC.

7

How do you transfer memories into the long-term memory?

By rehearsing information. It is then consolidated into the LTM.

8

Define rehearsed.

Repeated. This is a key control process which acts as a buffer between SR and LTM, and also enables information to be transferred to LTM.

9

How long does information last in the long-term memory?

From minutes up to a life-time.

10

How long does information last in the short-term memory?

0-18 seconds.

11

What is the coding of the STM?

Phonological, sounds.

12

What is the capacity and coding of the LTM?

A huge capacity, and various forms of memory store.

13

How is memory stored in the LTM?

In an organised and meaningful way.