Flashcards in Remembering and Forgetting Deck (14):
Who proposed the multi-store model if memory?
Atkinson and Shiffrin.
What are the three stores of the multi-store model?
Short-term store and long-term store. Stimuli from the environment are held for a brief time in a sensory register.
What does modality-specific mean?
Refers to the senses such as sight, touch and smell. The information is held in the sense they are registered.
What is the capacity and duration of the sensory register?
Large, but a brief duration of about 1/4 of a second to 4 seconds.
What is the experiment of the sensory register?
Sperling. The results indicated that the sensory register can hold at least 9 items.
What was the paper published by Miller?
'The Magical Number Seven'. It shows the limit of short term memory to be +/- 7 items.
How can the capacity of the short term memory be extended?
Through chunking items into meaningful wholes.
BBC, C4, ITV, AA, RAC.
How do you transfer memories into the long-term memory?
By rehearsing information. It is then consolidated into the LTM.
Repeated. This is a key control process which acts as a buffer between SR and LTM, and also enables information to be transferred to LTM.
How long does information last in the long-term memory?
From minutes up to a life-time.
How long does information last in the short-term memory?
What is the coding of the STM?
What is the capacity and coding of the LTM?
A huge capacity, and various forms of memory store.