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Flashcards in Renaissance Deck (43)
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1

Topography

Surface features of a region.

2

Hinterland

Area surrounding a city.

3

Mercenary soldiers

Soldiers for hire

4

Oligarchy

Government by a few powerful people

5

Florin/ducat

Gold coins weighing about 3.5 grams

6

Pile

A heavy beam driven upright into the earth to support a structure

7

Republic

A state in which citizens elect representatives to form a government

8

To patronize

To support

9

Renaissance man

A term traditionally used to describe a person skilled in many areas

10

Proportion

A correct relation among parts

11

Perspective

Giving the appearance of distance on a flat surface

12

Human anotomy

The science of the structure of the human body

13

Essentric

Odd, peculiar person

14

Blasphemous

Showing contempt for sacred things

15

Fresco

Painted with water colour on fresh plaster

16

Renaissance

The French word that means reborn

17

City-states

Consists of a city and the rural area immediately surrounding it

18

Condotierri

A leader of mercenary soldiers in Renaissance Italy

19

Doge

Supreme ruler

20

Giotto do bondone

A florentine artist who developed the rule of proportion in paintings so that paintings are "in scale".

21

Filippo Brunelleschi

A florentine artist who discovered the laws of perspective, which allows artists to add depth in their pictures

22

Leonardo da Vinci

A man who painted and sculpted sculptures. Lived from 1452-1519. He is most famous for the painting of "Mona Lisa".

23

Michelangelo

Thought himself as a sculptor but also painted, like the fresco painting he did on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. But he is most famous for the sculpture that he carved called "David"

24

Artimesia Gentileschi

A renaissance artist born in Naples, 1593. Daughter of the famous painter Orazio Gentileschi. She got fame and independence through art, she painted "Judith slaying Holofernes"

25

Johann Gutenberg

In the middle of the 15th century, Johann Gutenberg, a German, invented the printing press with moveable type. So that printers could produce a thousands of copies of a book much faster.

26

Parchment

A form of paper created from dried lamb skin.

27

Mass produce

A large amount of things getting produced at the same time

28

Albrecht Durer

He used the printing press for both wood-block art and art manuals that popularize the ideas of Italian renaissance.

29

Peiter Bruegel

A painter who painted people in scenes of their everyday life

30

Etcher

An artists who engraved a picture onto a metal plate, and uses this plate as a stamp