Flashcards in Renaissance Deck (26):
What does the term "Renaissance" mean?
French for "rebirth"
What are the aims of the Renaissance?
Restore learning, ideals, and values of ancient Greece and Rome
What are some musical consequences of the Renaissance period?
- New rules for counterpoint
- Notated music available to wider public
- Reformation and formation of Protestant churches
What is humanism?
Strongest intellectual movement of the Renaissance -- things pertaining to human knowledge
Difference in opinions to nudity vs. Medieval?
Medival - nudity shows shame
Renaissance - nudity shows beauty of human figure
What are some ideas of new counterpoint for Renaisasnce?
Controlled dissonance -- avoid parallel 5ths and octaves, preference for consonance 3rds, 6ths, P5, P8
Who described rules for introducing dissonances?
Which is the fourth voice to be added?
Bass line below tenor
What are examples of tuning and temperament?
Pythagorean: 4ths and 5ths perfect
Just: 3rds in tune
Mean-tone: 5ths small, 3rds good
Equal: each half step the same
Humanist: based on what ear likes instead of any numbers
When was the Reformation of the Catholic church and who headed it?
1517, headed by Martin Luther
What is faburden?
Improvised polyphony that moved in parallel voices used by monks and clerics unable to read polyphonic notation
Who was the most highly regarded English composer of the 15th Century?
Who was a famous composer at Burgundian court?
Who was the most famous composer in the 15th Century?
Guillaume Du Fay
What is significant about Du Fay's Missa Se la face ay pale?
It was the first complete mass to use a secular tune for the cantus firmus.
Who was famous in the late 15th Century in France?
Jean de Ockeghem (masses)
Antoine Busnoys (chansons)
What is a mensuration canon?
Two voices sing same part using different durations
Who was extremely famous after Du Fay?
Josquin des Prez
Who was the leading English composer in 15th-16th Centuries?
William Byrd, composed a lot of Anglican music
Who was the most famous composer after des Prez?
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
"The Prince of Music" - Italy
What are some characteristics of Palestrina as a model?
- First style in history of Western music to be consciously preserved and imitated
- It uses stile antico (old style) and is the ideal style in counterpoint textbooks
What are some predecessors to the madrigal?
Villancico (Spain) - Juan del Encina
What is a madrigal?
Most important secular genre of the 16th Century in Italy, emphasized text through music.
Vocal secular polyphonic music that was typically unaccompanied.
Madrigal led to opera and aria.
Who was the first woman whose music was published?
Who are meistersinger?
German, preserved tradition of unaccompanied solo song.
Most famous was Hans Sachs.