Resources Pharm- side effects Flashcards Preview

Pre-reg exam 2021 > Resources Pharm- side effects > Flashcards

Flashcards in Resources Pharm- side effects Deck (54)
Loading flashcards...
1

What colour does Senna cause your urine to be?

Red/yellow

2

What colour does sulfasalazine cause your urine to be?

Yellow-orange

3

What colour does phenindione cause your urine to be?

Pink/orange

4

What colour does levodopa preparations cause your urine to be?

Reddish/darker

5

What colour does entacapone cause your urine to be?

Reddish brown

6

What colour does nefopam cause your urine to be?

Pink

7

What colour does Clofazimine cause your urine to be?

Red

8

What colour does nitrofurantoin cause your urine to be?

Yellow/brown

9

What colour does rifabutin cause your urine to be?

Orange-red

10

What colour does rifampicin cause your urine to be?

Orange-red

11

What colour does dantrone medicines cause your urine to be? e.g. co-danthramer, co-danthrusate

Red

12

What colour does triamterene medicines cause your urine to be? e.g. Frusene, co-triamterzide

Blue in some lights

13

What colour does deferiprone cause your urine to be?

(iron chelator)
Reddish brown

14

True or false:

SSRIs are less sedating and are associated with fewer antimuscarinic and cardiotoxic side effects than tricyclic antidepressants

True

15

What are the side effects of antidepressants that could contribute to a fall?

Drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, postural hypotension, visual disturbances

16

What are the side effects of antipsychotics that could contribute to a fall?

Postural hypotension, drowsiness, unsteady gait (walking), confusion

17

What are the side effects of antimuscarinics that could contribute to a fall?

Drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, blurred vision

18

What are the side effects of benzos and hypnotics e.g. zopiclone that could contribute to a fall?

Drowsiness, unsteady gait (walking), confusion

19

What are the side effects of dopaminergic drugs used in Parkinson's that could contribute to a fall?

Sudden onset of sleep, postural hypotension, confusion

20

What are the side effects of ACEi and ARBs that could contribute to a fall?

Dizziness, postural hypotension

21

What are the side effects of alpha blockers that could contribute to a fall?

Dizziness, postural hypotension

22

What are the side effects of anti-arrythmics that could contribute to a fall?

Bradycardia, arrhythmias, dizziness

23

What are the side effects of antiepileptic drugs that could contribute to a fall?

Dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, visual disturbances

24

What are the signs of phenytoin toxicity?

Confusion, visual disturbances, fever, drowsiness and ataxia

25

What is ataxia?

Group of disorders that affect co-ordination, balance and speech

26

What are the side effects of beta blockers that could contribute to a fall?

Dizziness, postural hypotension

27

What are the side effects of diuretics that could contribute to a fall?

Dizziness, postural hypotension

28

Make a list of drugs that commonly cause diarrhoea

Magnesium containing antacids
H2 antagonists
PPIs
Misoprostol
Aminosalicylates
Orlistat
Digoxin
Methlydopa
ACEi
SSRIs
Antibiotics
Sulphonylureas e.g. gliclazide, glipizide
Metformin
Acarbose
Levothyroxine (usually at excessive dose)
Cytotoxic drugs e.g. methotrexate
Iron preparations
NSAIDs
Colchicine
Leflunomide

29

Make a list of drugs that commonly cause constipation

Aluminium containing antacids
Antispasmodics (mebeverine, peppermint oil)
Colestyramine
Diuretics
Antihypertensive drugs e.g. clonidine, methyldopa, propranolol, verapamil
Sedating antihistamines e.g. chlorphenamine, promethazine
Opioid analgesics
Tricyclic antidepressants
Monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) e.g. moclobemide, phenelzine
Antipsychotics e.g. amisulpride, chlorpromazine, clozapine
Antiparkinson drugs e.g. entacapone, pramipexole, procyclidine, selegiline
Antiepileptic drugs e.g. carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, pregabalin,
Alpha blockers e.g. prazosin, tamsulosin
Iron preparations
Calcium supplements
Bisphosphonates

30

Make a list of drugs that commonly cause hyperkalaemia

Potassium-sparing diuretics and aldosterone antagonists
Beta blockers
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors)
Angiotensin receptor antagonists
Aliskiren (renin inhbitor)
Digoxin at toxic levels
Heparin
Trimethoprim and co-trimoxazole
Ciclosporin
Tacrolimus
Potassium supplements or salts
NSAIDs