Flashcards in Respiration: Outline Deck (12):
what is the process called that breaks down glucose to form ATP?
what are the 2 different forms of cellular respiration called?
1. aerobic respiration
2. anaerobic respiration
what is aerobic respiration?
respiration that requires oxygen
what does aerobic respiration produce?
produces carbon dioxide, water and a lot of ATP
what is anaerobic respiration?
respiration that takes place in the absence of oxygen
what does anaerobic respiration produce in animals?
lactate (lactic acid) and only a little ATP
what does anaerobic respiration produce in plants and fungi?
ethanol, carbon dioxide and only a little ATP
what are the 4 stages of aerobic respiration called?
2. link reaction
3. krebs cycle
4. oxidative phosphorylation
brief summary of glycolysis?
splitting of glucose (6-C molecule) into 2x pyruvate (3-C molecule)
brief summary of the link reaction?
pyruvate (3-C molecules) enter into a series of reactions which lead to the formation of acetyleco-enzyme A (2-C molecule)
brief summary of the krebs cycle?
acetylco-enzyme A is introduced into a cycle of redox reactions that produce some ATP and a large quantity of reduced NAD and reduced FAD