Respiratiry System 🐽 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratiry System 🐽 Deck (15):
1

Where does external respiration occur?

In the lungs

2

What is internal respiration?

The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood in the capillaries all over the body and all of the cells and tissues of the body

3

Where does internal respiration occur?

All over the body

4

Voice production is also called...

Phonation

5

What is the medical term for the voice box?

Larynx

6

What is the sense of smell also called?

Olfactory sense

7

What does the upper portion of the respiratory tract include?

The nose, pharynx (throat), the larynx (voice ox), and trachea (windpipe)

8

Another name for the nostrils is...

Nares

9

What are the outpouchings of the nasal passages that are contained within spaces in certain skull bones called?

Paranasal sinuses (usually just called sinuses)

10

What is the common passageway for both respiratory and digestive systems?

Pharynx

11

The _______ and the _______ form the boundaries of the glottis (the opening into the larynx)

Arytenoid cartilages and the vocal cords

12

What does the lower respiratory tract include?

Bronchi and alveoli

13

What is the function of surfactant?

Helps reduce the surface tension of fluid preventing the alveoli from collapsing as air moves in and out during breathing

14

The area between the lungs is called the mediastinum. What does this contain?

Heart, large blood vessels, nerves, trachea, esophagus, lymphatic vessels, and lymph nodes

15

What is external respiration?

The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air inhaled into the lungs and the blood flowing through the pulmonary capillaries