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Flashcards in respirator tract Deck (48)
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1

the respiratory tract is divided into 2 parts, what are these?

upper respiratory tract and lower respiratory tract

2

what is the border between the upper and lower respiratory tract?

larynx

3

what is contained within the upper respiratory tract?

- nose
- paranasal sinuses
- mouth (& tonsils)
- throat/pharynx
- larynx

4

what tissues does the nose contain?

skin, muscle, bone and hyaline cartilage

5

what is the external portion of the nose lined by?

mucous membrane

6

which 2 ducts often open in the internal portion of the nose?

paranasal sinus ducts and nasolacrimal duct

7

which part of the nose is the external part?

outer nose and nares (norstrils)

8

what does the inner portion of the nose refer to?

nasal cavity

9

what is the function of the nasal septum and what is it made from?

separates nasal cavity into 2 nostrils
made of bone and cartilage

10

which region of the nose is responsible for smell?

superior posterior

11

what are conchae?

folds of cartilage in the upper chamber of the nose that increase SA

12

which cranial nerve is the only one capable of regenerating?

olfactory

13

the nose can be divided into 2 segments, the respiratory segment and the olfactory segment, what type of epithelium lines the respiratory segment?

ciliated pseudostratified columnar

14

the nose can be divided into 2 segments, the respiratory segment and the olfactory segment, what type of epithelium lines the olfactory segment?

ciliated pseudo stratified columnar and olfactory receptors

15

what is another name given to conchae?

turbinates

16

what is the function of conchae?

warm and filter air

17

what is the function of the nose as a whole?

- breathing
- smelling
- warm and filtering air

18

what is the function of the paranasal sinuses?

vocal resonance and modification of speech

19

what are paranasal sinuses?

air filled spaces within bones of skull and face

20

in which region of the face is the maxillary sinus?

under the eye around the cheekbones

21

Paranasal sinuses are a group of four paired air-filled spaces that surround the nasal cavity, name them and state where they are

- paranasal sinuses (under eye)
- frontal sinuses (above eye between eyebrows)
- ethmoid sinuses (between eyes)
- sphenoidal sinuses (behind eyes)

22

the maxillary sinuses drain into what structure?

nose

23

the roots of which teeth are close to the paranasal sinus?

upper 6 and 7

24

abnormal communication between the nose and mouth is known as what?

oral-antral fistula

25

what is the definition of a fistula?

abnormal communication between 2 epithelial lined organs that do not normally communicate

26

what is the pharynx?

muscular tube running from base of skull to oesophagus

27

what is the function of the pharynx

movement of food from mouth to oesophagus and conducts air

28

what is contained within the lower respiratory tract?

- larynx
- trachea
- right and left bronchus
- lungs
- blood-air barrier

29

what is the larynx commonly known as?

voice box

30

the larynx lies within which cervical region?

C3-6