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315 - Nursing Support for Small Animals > Respiratory Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Conditions Deck (51)
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1

What are the functions of the respiratory system

Provide gaseous exchange between the living structure and the environment.
Includes internal and external respiration
Transport 02 from the outside to the inside

2

What are the components involved in respiratory?

Nose and nasal chambers
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveolar ducts and alveoli

3

Sinusitis definition

Inflammation of the sinus

4

Rhinitis definition

Inflammation of the nasal membrane

5

Epistaxix definition

Nose bleed

6

Laryngiti definition

Inflammation of the larynx

7

Pharyngitis definition

Inflammation of the pharynx

8

Dacryocysitis definition

Lacrimal duct blockage, preventing tears from draining into the nasal cavity.

9

Describe paradoxical respiration

Chest sinks in during respiration rather than inflate

10

What is the difference between Stertor and stridor

One is the sound of inspiration and the other expiration

11

What is Stertor

stErtor = expiration = upper airway

12

Stirdor

stridor = inspiration = lower respiratory

13

Define Apnoea

Temporary cessation of breathing especially during sleep

14

What is the name given when the chest sinks in during inspiration?

Paradoxical

15

Hyperventilation defined as

Fast but not productive breathing decreasing C02

16

Hypoventialtion is defined as

Breathing at a abnormally slow rate increasing levels of C02

17

Latrogenic

Difficulty breathing in lateral recumbency

18

Orthopnoea

Dysphonia

19

Dacryocystitis

inflammation of the nasocrimal sac

20

What are the 3 types of nasal discharge

Mucoid
Mucopurulent
serous

21

Aspergillosis is what?

A fungal infection that typically presents with a discharge that goes from mucoid to mucopurulent to haemorrhage

22

What nursing care would you give for a patient with Aspergilosis

Barrier nursing
Keep patient clean
Monitor - TPR+ hydration
TLC
Barrier nursing
Medication
IVFT fluids
Assisted feeding
Warm food
Soft palatable food
Feeding tube

23

Distemper is what?

Canine and ferret virus.
Dogs of any age are susceptible however puppies less than 16 weeks of age are most common.
SHed in all body secretions
Incubation 1 -5 weeks
Virus can invade respiratory, gastrointestinal, skin, immune and nervous system.

24

What are the clinical signs of Distemper

Green nasal discharge
Occular discharge
Fever
Loss of appetite + depression
1 - 2 weeks after infection

25

What is the definition of TUSSIS

Coughing

26

What is another word for coughing

Tussis

27

What medication can help with Tussis / coughing

Antitussives

28

Signs of Acute Respiratory Failure

Cynaosis
Tachypnoea
Orthopnoea
Dyspnoea
Tachcardia
Weak pulse

29

What nursing care is needed

Monitor vital signs and keep accurate record
Supply 02
Ensure therapy carried out e.g. patent airway
Medication
Assist with thoracocentitis
Advise owner on situation
Patient positioning

30

Pneumonia defined as

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma (functional element of the lung)
Associated with inflammation of airways and pleura