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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (26)
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1

Normal Breathing

12-20 breaths per minute.

2

Bradypnea

Slower than 12 breaths per minute.

3

Tachypnea

Faster than 20 breaths per minute.

4

Hyperpnea (Hyperventilation)

Faster than 20 breaths per minute, deep breathing.

Hypernea is a type of tachypnea in which breaths are unusually large and deep resulting in hyperventilation.

5

Sighing

Frequently interspersed deeper breathing.

6

Air Trapping

Increasing difficulty in getting breath out.

7

Cheyne-Stokes

Varying periods of increasing depth interspersed with apnea.

8

Kussmaul breathing

Rapid, deep and labored breathing.
A type of Hypernea

9

Biot

Irregularly interspersed periods of apnea in a disorganized sequence of breaths.

10

Ataxic

Significant disorganization with irregular and varying depths of respiration

11

Hypopnea

Slow and shallow breaths, seen as an adaptive response to pleuritic painful situations, such as rib fractures.

12

Apnea

The absence of normal spontaneous respiration.

13

Orthopnea

A type of dyspnea that begins or increases as the pt lies down, results from the pulmonary edema of congestive heart failure.

14

Paroxymal Nocturnal Dyspnea

Pt with underlying congestive heart failure and causes the individual to be short of breath when lying down at night.

15

Adventitious Breath Sounds

Abnormal breath sounds that are superimposed on normal breath sounds.

Fluid in the pleural space may make breath sounds distant or even absent; however, fluid within the lung parencheyma, such as in pulmonary edema or pneumonia, may accentuate breath sounds because sound is transmitted quicker through liquids than through air.

Similarly, consolidated masses within the lungs, such as pneumonia, will transmit louder sounds.

16

Crackles

Or Rales, are adventitious sounds that occur as a result of disruption of airflow in the smaller airways, usually by fluid.

17

Wheezes

Adventitious sounds that represent airway obstruction from mucus, spasm, or even a foreign body.
More pronounced during expiration.

Rhonchi is referred as low-pitched, sonorous wheezes.

18

Stridor

A adventitious sound often confused with wheezes. The difference is the obstruction in stridor generally occurs in the central airways, such as the trachea or larynx, and is more pronounced during inspiration.

19

Pleural Rubs

Sounds that occur outside the respiratory tree and result from friction between visceral and parietal pleura in conditions that cause inflammation of the pleura, such as pleurisy.

20

Bronchophony

Occurs when speech becomes clearer and louder.

21

Whispered Pectorilouquy

Whispered speech that can be heard clearly through the stethoscope.

22

Egophony

Spoken "e" is heard as an "a".

Obstruction of the respiratory tree causes diminished vocal resonance.

Consolidation of the lung tissue will produce egophony.

23

Diaphragm

Used to hear high-pitched sounds (bowel, lung, and normal heart sounds).

The big part

24

Bell

Used to hear low-pitched sounds (Abnormal heart sounds and vascular sounds).

The smaller part.

25

Upper Respiratory Tract

Nasal Passages
Paranasal Sinuses
Pharynx, including nasopharynx and oropharynx
Larynx or voice box.

26

Lower Respiratory Tract

Trachea
Right and Left Bronchi
Lung Parenchyma