Respiratory Tract Infections Flashcards Preview

Laura Path Recall > Respiratory Tract Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Tract Infections Deck (31):
1

Hepatits, travel, air conditioning, water towers
HYPONATRAEMIA and lymphopenia

Legionella Pneumophilia

2

Legionella Pneumophilia

Hepatits, travel, air conditioning, water towers
HYPONATRAEMIA and lymphopenia

3

30-50% CAP

S pneumoniae

4

Rusty coloured sputum, usually lobar consolidation

S pneumoniae

5

S pneumoniae

Rusty coloured sputum, usually lobar consolidation
G+ve diplococci

6

Shape and stain: S pneumoniae

G+ve diplococci

7

Stain and shape: H influenzae

G-ve coccobacilli

8

Stain and shape: M. Catarrhalis

G-ve coccus

9

Stain and shape: S. Aureus

G+ve cocci (grape bunch clusters)

10

Stain and shape: Klebsiella Pneumoniae

G-ve rod

11

Associated with COPD/preexisting lung disease and SMOKING

H. influenzae

12

H. influenzae associations

Associated with COPD/preexisting lung disease and SMOKING

13

Associated with recent viral infection (e.g. post influenza)
+- cavitation on CXR

S. Aureus

14

S. Aureus associations

Associated with recent viral infection (e.g. post influenza)
+- cavitation on CXR

15

Klebsiella associations

alcoholism, elderly, haemoptysis

16

alcoholism, elderly, haemoptysis

Klebsiella pneumoniae

17

Common system symptoms, joint pain, cold agglutin test, erythema multiforme

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

18

Mycoplasma pneumoniae symptoms

Common system symptoms, joint pain, cold agglutin test, erythema multiforme

19

BIRDS

Chlamydia Psittaci

20

Whooping cough in unvaccinated

Bordella Pertussis

21

Bordella Pertussis presentation

Whooping cough in unvaccinated

22

Farm animals, hepatits

Coxiella Burnetii (Q fever)

23

Coxiella Burnetii (Q fever) associations

Farm animals

24

Treatment for Aspergillus?

Amphotericin B

25

CURB65 components?

Confusion
Urea >7
RR >30
BP (SBP <90, DBP <60)
Age >65

2-5 severe

26

Time frame to diagnose Bronchitis

symptoms most days for 3 months for over 2 consecutive years

27

Immunosupression and Resp tract infections
- Neutropaenia

Fungi e.g. Aspergillus spp

28

Immunosupression and Resp tract infections
- Splenectomy

Encapsulated organisms (H. influenzae, S. Pneumoniae, N. Menigitidis)

29

Immunosupression and Resp tract infections
- Bone Marrow tx

CMV, Aspergillosis

30

Immunosupression and Resp tract infections
- HIV

P. jiroveci, TB, cryptococcus neoformans

31

Three antibiotics leading to psudomembranous colitis

Cephalosporins, Ciprofloxacin, Clindamycin