Flashcards in Respiratory Tract Infections Deck (13):
What are symptoms of bronchitis?
Cough and thick green sputum
What can be used to treat bronchitis?
What are the classifications pneumonia?
What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?
Deterioration in blood gases
Shortness of breath
Increased WBC count
Pyrexia and fever
Decreased blood pressure
Myalgia / arthralgia
How is pneumonia diagnosed?
Sputum gram stain
Sputum and blood culture
How is viral community acquired pneumonia treated?
Influenza A and B vaccines
How is bacterial community acquired pneumonia treated?
Mild - oral amoxicillin - 5 days
Moderate - oral amoxicillin and clarithromycin - 7-10 days
Severe - co-amoxiclav
What is CURB65?
Method of determining severity of pneumonia
Resp rate >30b/m
B SBP<90mmHg or DBP <60mmHg
What are the main causes of community acquired pneumonia in children?
What are the BTS guidelines for admission of infants?
O2 saturations <92%
Resp rate >70breaths/min
Intermittent apnoea / grunting
Family can't support
When would macrocodes be added to treatment for a child?
They aren't first line - added if there is no response or atypical pneumonia is suspected
Which patients are at high risk of hospital acquired pneumonia?
Recent broad spectrum antibiotics