Flashcards in Rest Of Info for Midterm Deck (72):
"The Whither of our self transcendence"
It is that towards we are striving, the goal towards which our self transcending souls are striving for. God is a metaphor of this as we cant reach him but is what we strive to do.
The sense of moving above or through what is seen as normal life, A recognition that there is something beyond ourselves. That which is beyond the material world, The transcendence of God.
The nearness and intimacy of something, Refers to the closeness of God how he is ever near, signifying that it is not only about a God that is out of our reach, but a God that is at the same time close to life on Earth and always with us.
Bareness of a winter tree metaphor
Rahner gives a metaphor saying that it is winter in religion at this point in time. The elegancy and traditions are no longer present and relevant in the church anymore, thus the tree is leafless without anything grandeur or majestic covering it. In this time of winter the tree is bare, its beliefs in raw, thus we must tap in to the barebone necessity of god and embrace the bare tree to show how full of life it still is.
The creation stories
There are two creation stories, they are seen as allegories or myths are not supposed to be taken literally. These are stories that explain the creation. Tell us that we (humans) are a privileged people in comparison to the rest of creation. The days in the stories are not supposed to be seen as days but could be years, centuries, etc...
God made us in his likeness
This means that God is part of us and we are not alone, God is a community of love and the perfection of relationship.
Sin is the breakdown of love and relationship. Original sin is not about disobedience but about self thought.
Garden of Eden
This creation story is influenced by the babylonians, they are ashamed of themselves in the Garden because they are naked. We see the breakdown of relationship between Adam and Eve, then between them and God, then between Eve and the serpent. The Sin is seen in the breakdown of these relationships. "Satan the Hinderer".
the cycle of death and rebirth to which life on earth is bound.
is the quest for Nirvana.
what goes around comes back around
our duty or our responsibility, your Darma is your Darma no matter what
Hindu scripture written in sanskrit, part of an epic poem called the Mahabharata.
Story of Bhagavad-Gita
This is the story of prince Arjuna and Krishna ( who is an avatar of of Vishnu ), who helps Arjuna throughout his dilemma.
Dilemma of Arjuna
He is at war with his cousins, he does not know if two fight his own family or not. War is seen as an allegory, (Arjuna as atman and Vishnu as Brahman).
Analyzing yourself thinking about your dharma. It is the way that can tap into a state of Nirvana.
It is Sanskrit and means the "eternal law", it is the name used by practitioners of what commonly is referred to as Hinduism.
Who gave Hinduism there name
Hinduism was a name given by the British colonizers to the culture and people along the Indus river in India.
The one ultimate reality.
What type of religion is Hinduism ?
Hinduism is a Polymorphic monism where the the one divinity takes on limitless forms.
this is the ultimate freedom from Samsara, the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.
Ignorance to the true nature of life
the illusion of separation
The essence of the self, inside the shell. The Atman is the Brahman, life is teaching the God inside of us.
The individual shell of life
Earth in Hinduism
Earth is seen as the school, in each life we live, we progress through the stages of Samsara, until reaching Moksha or liberation ( Nirvana )
1st period scripture (1500-600 BCE), includes rituals, sacrifices, and an emphasis on priestly caste.
2nd period (6th century BCE), tells that it is the union with Brahman as the ultimate purpose.
narrator of Bhagavad-Gita, he is the advisor to the King.
Order of Command
1.) Brahma - The creator (god)
2.) Vishnu - Sustainer - (Krishna in the story, she is an avatar of vishnu)
3.) Shiva - The destroyer
Brahman - Dieties - Avatars
Stages of Life
Student: learn dharma
householder: worldly ambition
Sanyasin (ascetic): renunciation of worldly pleasures, status and identity to devote oneself to union with Brahman.
Brahmins: Priestly Caste
Kshatriyas: warriors or Noble men
Vaishyas: farmers, merchants
Outcastes (Untouchables): most degrading employment
devotion to a particular diety
Ritual prayer and worship
union and practice of spirituality
Knowledge (of the absolute)(Bhagavad-Gita)
love, devotion to a particular diety
work, unselfish action
Who is the head of Tibetan Bhuddism ?
Dalai Lama is the head of this practice, lives in exile in Tibet
Six realms of existence
1.) Gods 2.) Jealous Dem-Gods 3.) human (best place to practice dharma) 4.) animals 5.) hungry ghosts 6.) hell
Hinayana Buddhism (Theravada)
means small vessel, one of the main traditions of Bhuddhism
means large vessel, one of the two largest traditions of buddhism
the buddhism that is practiced in Tibet
The first Buddha, he was predicted to be a great warrior and teacher, lived in royalty till one day he goes out and sees reality ( the four sights ).
Death - Old Age - Sickness - Ascetic (monk)
Means one who is awake
Having lived in riches and seen suffering Buddha was able to find a middle path, he became an ascetic monk and the first buddha while meditating under a bodhi (fig) tree.
The nature of things are ?
Impermanence: The belief that all things are temporary and changing and Interdependence: rising up independently but at the same time with others and helping others.
The truth of Dukkha /Suffering
a.) suffering b.) suffering of change c.) suffering of existence
The truth of the causes of suffering
a.) Tanha/attachment b.) aversion c.) ignorance
The truth of freedom from suffering
a.) change/impermanence b.) causes and conditions/interdependence.
The self is empty.
The truth of way of enlightenment ?
The noble eightfold path
Noble Eightfold Path (fourth noble truth)
Right view and intention (wisdom), speech, action, livelihood, effort (ethics), mindfulness, and concentration (meditation or mind training).
The five precepts
No sexual immorality
Three Jewels of Buddhism
1.) The Buddha (teacher)
2.) The Dharma (teaching)
3.) The Sangha (community)
The fact that many religions exist
The study of salvation
Term used for eternal union with God. Salvation is western time, liberation is eastern term
only the true believers of one true religion are saved
only one religion saves its true believers and those of other faiths
there are many true ways to salvation
there are many true ways to different salvtations
multiple religious belonging
there are many hybrid parts to salvation
what saves us is how we work for justice and peace in this lifetime, no matter what our religion is.
Dialogue of life
The dialogue of living together with those of other religions and working with them
Reign of God
the situation of Gods will on Earth as it is in heaven
specific things that bear Gods desire to communicate with people in a saving way.
to give up something, Jesus dying for us. JC has a kenotic (self emptying) love.
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, all together in one but separate in there own way. Father with them, Son with them, holy spirit within them.
refers to the salvation we see in the world, the ways in which God reveals him self to life on Earth. It is the experience of being on Earth