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Flashcards in Rest Of Info for Midterm Deck (72):
1

"The Whither of our self transcendence"

It is that towards we are striving, the goal towards which our self transcending souls are striving for. God is a metaphor of this as we cant reach him but is what we strive to do.

2

Transcendence

The sense of moving above or through what is seen as normal life, A recognition that there is something beyond ourselves. That which is beyond the material world, The transcendence of God.

3

Immanence

The nearness and intimacy of something, Refers to the closeness of God how he is ever near, signifying that it is not only about a God that is out of our reach, but a God that is at the same time close to life on Earth and always with us.

4

Bareness of a winter tree metaphor

Rahner gives a metaphor saying that it is winter in religion at this point in time. The elegancy and traditions are no longer present and relevant in the church anymore, thus the tree is leafless without anything grandeur or majestic covering it. In this time of winter the tree is bare, its beliefs in raw, thus we must tap in to the barebone necessity of god and embrace the bare tree to show how full of life it still is.

5

The creation stories

There are two creation stories, they are seen as allegories or myths are not supposed to be taken literally. These are stories that explain the creation. Tell us that we (humans) are a privileged people in comparison to the rest of creation. The days in the stories are not supposed to be seen as days but could be years, centuries, etc...

6

God made us in his likeness

This means that God is part of us and we are not alone, God is a community of love and the perfection of relationship.

7

Sin

Sin is the breakdown of love and relationship. Original sin is not about disobedience but about self thought.

8

Garden of Eden

This creation story is influenced by the babylonians, they are ashamed of themselves in the Garden because they are naked. We see the breakdown of relationship between Adam and Eve, then between them and God, then between Eve and the serpent. The Sin is seen in the breakdown of these relationships. "Satan the Hinderer".

9

Samsara

the cycle of death and rebirth to which life on earth is bound.

10

Buddism

is the quest for Nirvana.

11

Karma

what goes around comes back around

12

Dharma

our duty or our responsibility, your Darma is your Darma no matter what

13

Bhagavadgita

Hindu scripture written in sanskrit, part of an epic poem called the Mahabharata.

14

Story of Bhagavad-Gita

This is the story of prince Arjuna and Krishna ( who is an avatar of of Vishnu ), who helps Arjuna throughout his dilemma.

15

Dilemma of Arjuna

He is at war with his cousins, he does not know if two fight his own family or not. War is seen as an allegory, (Arjuna as atman and Vishnu as Brahman).

16

Meditation

Analyzing yourself thinking about your dharma. It is the way that can tap into a state of Nirvana.

17

Sanatana Dharma

It is Sanskrit and means the "eternal law", it is the name used by practitioners of what commonly is referred to as Hinduism.

18

Who gave Hinduism there name

Hinduism was a name given by the British colonizers to the culture and people along the Indus river in India.

19

Brahman

The one ultimate reality.

20

What type of religion is Hinduism ?

Hinduism is a Polymorphic monism where the the one divinity takes on limitless forms.

21

Moksha

this is the ultimate freedom from Samsara, the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.

22

Avidya

Ignorance to the true nature of life

23

Maya

the illusion of separation

24

Atman

The essence of the self, inside the shell. The Atman is the Brahman, life is teaching the God inside of us.

25

Jiva

The individual shell of life

26

Earth in Hinduism

Earth is seen as the school, in each life we live, we progress through the stages of Samsara, until reaching Moksha or liberation ( Nirvana )

27

Vedas

1st period scripture (1500-600 BCE), includes rituals, sacrifices, and an emphasis on priestly caste.

28

Upanishad

2nd period (6th century BCE), tells that it is the union with Brahman as the ultimate purpose.

29

Sanjaya

narrator of Bhagavad-Gita, he is the advisor to the King.

30

Order of Command

1.) Brahma - The creator (god)
2.) Vishnu - Sustainer - (Krishna in the story, she is an avatar of vishnu)
3.) Shiva - The destroyer

Brahman - Dieties - Avatars

31

Stages of Life

Student: learn dharma
householder: worldly ambition
retiree: contemplation
Sanyasin (ascetic): renunciation of worldly pleasures, status and identity to devote oneself to union with Brahman.

32

Caste System

Brahmins: Priestly Caste
Kshatriyas: warriors or Noble men
Vaishyas: farmers, merchants
Shudras: servants
Outcastes (Untouchables): most degrading employment

33

Bhakti

devotion to a particular diety

34

Puja

Ritual prayer and worship

35

Yoga

union and practice of spirituality

36

Jhana Yoga

Knowledge (of the absolute)(Bhagavad-Gita)

37

Bhakti Yoga

love, devotion to a particular diety

38

Karma Yoga

work, unselfish action

39

Raj Yoga

psychological experience

40

Who is the head of Tibetan Bhuddism ?

Dalai Lama is the head of this practice, lives in exile in Tibet

41

Six realms of existence

1.) Gods 2.) Jealous Dem-Gods 3.) human (best place to practice dharma) 4.) animals 5.) hungry ghosts 6.) hell

42

Hinayana Buddhism (Theravada)

means small vessel, one of the main traditions of Bhuddhism

43

Mahayana Buddhism

means large vessel, one of the two largest traditions of buddhism

44

Vajrayana

the buddhism that is practiced in Tibet

45

Siddharta Gautama

The first Buddha, he was predicted to be a great warrior and teacher, lived in royalty till one day he goes out and sees reality ( the four sights ).

46

Four Sights

Death - Old Age - Sickness - Ascetic (monk)

47

Buddha

Means one who is awake

48

Middle Path

Having lived in riches and seen suffering Buddha was able to find a middle path, he became an ascetic monk and the first buddha while meditating under a bodhi (fig) tree.

49

The nature of things are ?

Impermanence: The belief that all things are temporary and changing and Interdependence: rising up independently but at the same time with others and helping others.

50

The truth of Dukkha /Suffering

a.) suffering b.) suffering of change c.) suffering of existence

51

The truth of the causes of suffering

a.) Tanha/attachment b.) aversion c.) ignorance

52

The truth of freedom from suffering

= emptiness
a.) change/impermanence b.) causes and conditions/interdependence.
The self is empty.

53

The truth of way of enlightenment ?

The noble eightfold path

54

Noble Eightfold Path (fourth noble truth)

Right view and intention (wisdom), speech, action, livelihood, effort (ethics), mindfulness, and concentration (meditation or mind training).

55

The five precepts

No killing
No Lying
No Stealing
No sexual immorality
No drugs/alcohol/intoxicants

56

Three Jewels of Buddhism

1.) The Buddha (teacher)
2.) The Dharma (teaching)
3.) The Sangha (community)

57

Religious pluralism

The fact that many religions exist

58

Soteriology

The study of salvation

59

Salvation/Liberation

Term used for eternal union with God. Salvation is western time, liberation is eastern term

60

exclusivism

only the true believers of one true religion are saved

61

inclusivism

only one religion saves its true believers and those of other faiths

62

pluralism

there are many true ways to salvation

63

particularism

there are many true ways to different salvtations

64

multiple religious belonging

there are many hybrid parts to salvation

65

liberation

what saves us is how we work for justice and peace in this lifetime, no matter what our religion is.

66

Dialogue of life

The dialogue of living together with those of other religions and working with them

67

Reign of God

the situation of Gods will on Earth as it is in heaven

68

Sacraments

specific things that bear Gods desire to communicate with people in a saving way.

69

Kenosis

to give up something, Jesus dying for us. JC has a kenotic (self emptying) love.

70

Holy Trinity

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, all together in one but separate in there own way. Father with them, Son with them, holy spirit within them.

71

Economic trinity

refers to the salvation we see in the world, the ways in which God reveals him self to life on Earth. It is the experience of being on Earth

72

immanent trinity

this is the idea that God is Godself