Reticulo-Endothelial and Skin Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Chiro Essentials Anatomy > Reticulo-Endothelial and Skin Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reticulo-Endothelial and Skin Anatomy Deck (71)
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1

T/F the lymph node contains a cortex and medulla in a thick fibrous capsule

F the lymph node contains a cortex and medulla in a THIN fibrous capsule

2

What is the sinus under the thin fibrous capsule of a lymph node?

Subcapsular sinus

3

The outer layer of the cortex of the lymph node consists of which cells organized into the follicles?

Mature B cells

4

The follicles in the outer cortex of a lymph node have germinal centers containing what type of cell?

Activated B (plasma) cells

5

The inner cortex of the lymph node contains what type of cell?

Mature T cells

6

The medulla of the lymph node contains which cells?

Lymphocytes, plasma cells, macrophages

7

Lymph flows from afferent vessels toward the cortex to pass through the _________ sinuses and into cortical _______ eventually through the __________ sinuses then to efferent lymphatic vessels that exit at the hilum

Subcapsular
Cortical
Medullary

8

The lymph sinuses contain ________ and ______ fibers arranged in a crisscross fashion which act like a filter

Macrophages
Reticular fibers

9

Activated lymphocytes leave the lymph node via the?

Hilum

10

Where do nerve fibers enter the lymph node?

The hilum

11

What is the largest aggregation of lymphoid tissue?

The Spleen

12

The spleen develops from what embryological tissue?

Mesoderm w/in the dorsal mesentary of the stomach

13

Which dome of the diaphragm does the spleen lay under?

Left dome close to the lower ribs (9-11)

14

What is destroyed in the red pulp of the spleen?

Old RBCs

15

What ligaments are attached to the spleen and what do they contain?

1) Gastrosplenic ligament: short gastric and L gastroepiploic A/V
2) Splenorenal ligament: terminal part of the splenic A

16

Kupffer cells of the liver filter out?

Bacteria

17

What embryological origin forms the liver?

ventral outgrowth of the distal end of the foregut w/the biliary tree

18

the coronary ligament is a continuation of what ligament?

Falciform ligament

19

What ligament is contained w/in the coronary ligament?

Round ligament of the liver

20

The round ligament of the liver is a remnant of what embryological tissue?

L umbilical V

21

The liver is covered almost completely by what tissue?

Visceral peritoneum

22

What causes the bare area of the liver?

coronary ligament and where the IVC passes through

23

What are the four anatomical lobes of the liver?

R/L, quadrate, caudate

24

What anatomical lobes are contained in the right functional lobe of the liver?

Right, R 1/2 of caudate

25

What anatomical lobes are contained in the left functional lobe of the liver?

Left, quadrate, outer 1/2 of caudate

26

The Rt functional lobe is supplied by what A?

R hepatic A br of proper hepatic A

27

The Lt functional lobe is supplied by what A?

Lt hepatic A

28

What is the functional unit of the liver?

sinusoids

29

What are the sinusoids of the liver lined by?

hepatocytes and Kupffer cells

30

Sinusoids of the liver are supplied by what blood vessels?

Hepatic A and tributaries of the portal V