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Flashcards in Reversed Chapter (5) Deck (41):
1

The form of balance sheet that resembles the basic format of the accounting equation; with assets on the left side and Liabilities and Stockholder’s Equity sections on the right side.

account form

2

The subsidiary ledger containing the individual accounts with suppliers (creditors).

account form

3

The subsidiary ledger containing the individual accounts with customers.

accounts receivable subsidiary ledger

4

An analysis and updating of the accounts when financial statements are prepared.

administrative expense

5

The method of accounting for uncollectible accounts that provides an expense for uncollectible receivables in advance of their writeoff.

allowances

6

The account in the general ledger that summarizes the balances of the accounts in a subsidiary ledger.

controlling account

7

The cost that is reported as an expense when merchandise is sold.

cost of merchandise sold

8

Amount entered on the right side of an account.

credit memorandum

9

The amount of time the buyer is allowed in which to pay the seller.

credit period

10

Terms for payment on account by the buyer to the seller.

credit terms

11

A variety of discounts offered by the seller as incentive for the customer to act in a way benefiting the seller.

customer discounts

12

Sometimes called sales returns and allowances; these are returns to the seller by the customer or reductions from the initial selling price due to defective or damaged merchandise or goods that did not meet the customer’s expectations.

customer returns and allowances

13

Amount entered on the left side of an account.

debit memorandum

14

The portion of the cost of a fixed asset that is recorded as an expense each year of its useful life.

destination

15

The primary ledger; when used in conjunction with subsidiary ledgers; that contains all of the balance sheet and income statement accounts.

general ledger

16

Sales minus the cost of merchandise sold.

gross profit

17

Cumulative preferred stock dividends that have not been paid in prior years are said to be in arrears.

income from operations

18

A company’s ability to manage its inventory effectively.

inventory shrinkage

19

A ledger containing individual accounts with a common characteristic.

inventory subsidiary ledger

20

The bill that the seller sends to the buyer.

invoice

21

A group of accounts for a business.

ledger

22

Merchandise on hand (not sold) at the end of an accounting period.

merchandise inventory

23

A method that allocated factory overhead to product by using factory overhead rates for each production department.

multiple-step income

24

The process by which a company spends cash; generates revenues; and receives cash either at the time the revenues are generated or later by collecting an accounts receivable.

operating cycle

25

Expenses that cannot be traced directly to operations.

other expense

26

Revenue from sources other than the primary operating activity of a business.

other income

27

The inventory system in which the inventory records do not show the amount available for sale or sold during the period.

periodic inventory system

28

The inventory system in which each purchase and sale of merchandise is recorded in an inventory account.

perpetual inventory system

29

A detailed listing of merchandise on hand.

physical inventory

30

Discounts taken by the buyer for early payment of an invoice.

purchases discounts

31

Ratio that measures how effectively a company uses its assets; computed as net sales divided by average total assets.

ratio of sales to assets

32

The form of balance sheet with the Liabilities and Owner’s Equity sections presented below the Assets section.

report form

33

The total amount charged customers for merchandise sold; including cash sales and sales on account.

sales

34

From the seller’s perspective; discounts that a seller may offer the buyer for early payment.

sales discounts

35

Expenses that are incurred directly in the selling of merchandise.

selling expenses

36

An overhead activity that consists of changing tooling in machines in preparation for making a new product.

shortage

37

A form of income statement in which the total of all expenses is deducted from the total of all revenues.

single-step income statement

38

Journals designed to be used for recording a single type of transaction.

special journals

39

Performance goals; often relating to how much a product should cost.

statement

40

A ledger containing individual accounts with a common characteristic.

subsidiary ledger

41

Discounts from the list prices in published catalogs or special discounts offered to certain classes of buyers.

trade discounts