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Flashcards in Review Deck (16)
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1

Who were most likely the first European explorers of Canada?

Vikings

2

What was the "kingdom of Saguenay"?

An Iroquois legend thought to be a land of many riches.
Domagaya and Taignoagny told Cartier that it was real

3

Why did the king give up their attempts to colonize Canada in 1543?

Because Canada threatened war due to how Cartier killed/left some of his men.

4

Samuel de Champlain

Was a soldier and navigator who was also intensely interested in the Americas. He believed there was a profit in Canada. He made alliances and caught the Iroquois.

5

Ho did he fur trade help the french to learn more about Canada?

Because they went back and fourth, married into families through fur trade that also formed alliances which taught them about Canadian culture.

6

What is mercantilism?

An economic theory about global history. The theory of mercantilism states that there is a certain amount of wealth in the world and that it is in the nations best interest to accumulate it.

7

Governor

Represented the king of France.
Supervised Defense, and establish treaties with the Native people's

8

Bishop

In charge of religious affairs
Member of the Catholic Church clergy

9

Intendant

Would govern the local people.
Administrative position in the colony

10

What was a seigneur?

They had to hold court in the event of disputes, attract settlers, and build a mill. Usually also responsible for defense. To serve in the militia and keep land productive.

They make sure the aristocrats would have control of the land.

Lord that were granted parcels of land

11

What was a habitant

Close to what a peasant had, but they did not have to pay as high taxes and they very rarely starved. Life was based on the cycle of the farm.

12

Which First Nations group allied with the french in the fur trade?

The Iroquois of the eastern woodlands/Huron

13

Who were the first group of female missionaries to New France?

Nuns

14

An order of Catholic priests who lived among the Huron in order to convert them to Christianity

The Jesuit missions

15

Which war ended with giving control of all the lands to North America being declared a British possession?

7 years war

16

Women who went to New France to marry colonists

Filled du roi