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Flashcards in Review Deck (56):
1

Describe how a focus group works

Small group. Led by a facilitator. Less than 10 questions to keep focused on a topic.

2

What is a case study

Something out of the norm, not mainstream, a little unusual. Do a write up to describe.

3

Give an example of a critiquing question for a qualitative study design?

What kind of design?
-phenomonology. historical. case study. ethnogrophy. grounded
theory
Appropriately designed.

4

Give an example of a critiquing question for a qualitative sampling method

How did they chose the sample?
-Convenience sample. Nothing random. Purposive sampling.

5

Give an example of a critiquing question for qualitative data collection methos.

Collected by interviews. Questionnaires. Observation.
Procedure for observation? Be a participant. Have a format. Some statistics.

6

Give an example of a critiquing question for qualitative data analysis methods

Analyze. Get someone to validate what you're seeing. Key words. patterns.

7

Differentiate between straight and analytical description

straight is from the literature(preformed ideas of things you expect to see), analytical is from the data (don't read literature first, read data first).

8

What do the following words mean: comprehending, sythesizing, theorizeing recontextualizing

what is going on/ sifting and sorting/ develop an explanation/ might this be appropriate in another setting?

9

what is template analysis

Used in Ethnography
Select the template based on words, actions, situations, etc
Code data into the template
Revise template as needed
determine the resultant pattern

10

what is another word for editing analysis

Comparison method

11

give an example of immersion analysis

Used with case histories
Become totally immersed into the data
Explore until main point crystallizes

12

what is triangulation

Combine and use to or more theories/methods/data sources/investigators/analysis.

13

how do you know you have trustworthy results?

Confirmable(clear paper trail), dependable(consistent findings/sufficient findings), transferable(usefulness in another, similar setting), credible (authentic and truthful account)

14

what is a key informant?

"the go to person" someone who really knows what's going on

15

what is participant observation

method of data collection. resercher participates as they make observations

16

what is data redundancy

saturation level

17

what are some dimensions to be considered when planning field work

environment
safety issues
cultural barriers
how going to develop trust
equipment/recording equipment
electricity/batteries
consent forms

18

there are three types of note taking. what are they, what are the differences

observational
personal
methodological

19

observational notes

just the facts

20

personal notes

your interpritation

21

methodological notes

notes you (the researcher) took on what worked, what didn't work.

22

what types of things may effect the reliability of the qualitative design

Researcher’s status
Participant selection
Social conditions
Methods

23

what types of things may effect the validity of your qualitative design?

History and maturation

Observer effects

Selection and regression

Mortality

24

what are the sources of data for historical studies

journals and diaries

25

what is the purpose of a case history

focusing on a small group, single person...done something unusal so a good example for what you're trying to accomplish

26

difference between ethnography and phenomonology

ethnography describes a culture
phenomonology describes lived experiences

27

give an example of intensity sampling

submerging yourself in the group you want to study. study them here and now.

28

give an example of varient case sampling

the unual cases...extreme.

29

how might qualitative data be collected?

by doing:
questionnaires
interviews

30

how do focus groups work?

small group. ~10 people. get better detail that way
the researcher makes observations

31

do qualitative researchers ever use statistics to analyze their data?

yes

32

difference between straight and analytical description

straight: from the literature
analytical: from the data

33

what analysis method uses constant comparison

Editing

34

what is triangulation

mixture of two different methods or styles

35

what are 4 major steps in qualitative data management

comprehending synthesizing theorizing recontextualizing

36

how do you know if your data is trustworthy?

credible confirmable dependable transferable

37

What must we examine to determine best practice

organization needs, expert opinion, research evidence (clinically relevant. patient preferences, situation.

38

what are 4 things we need to consider as we appraise the evidence

quality, significance, relevance, strength

39

example of what one might focus on when critiquing the introductory materials of a research article

state the problem? purpose clear? sufficient background material to tell us it's significant. questions?

40

give what one might focus on when viewing the methods section of a research article.

reliable and valid methods. human subjects addressed? data collection process. population(sample)

41

give an exam ple of what one might focus on when critiquing the findings section of a research article

data (summarized, statistical power). Charts and tables.

42

give examples of what one might focus on when critiquing the discussion section of a research article

conclusions. based on the data and evidence that they found? pushing an agenda?

43

what is the difference between a critique and a rapid critical appraisal?

-critique based off of scientific merti
-RCT practice merit

44

cohort study vs case control

case control - two groups, one with one without
cohort- looking for similarities in risk factors

45

put in correct order?
make recommendations from evidence
sythesize the evidence
rank
determine strength
grade

synthesize the evidence
determine strength
make recommendation
rank
grade

46

what is agree-II tool?

format to develop evaluates clinical practice guidelines. standard approach.

47

what must we examine to determine best practice?

collecting information on reserach evidence, expert opinion organizaional needs, patient preference.

48

What 4 things do we need to consider as we appraise the evidence?

quality
significance
relevance
strength

49

give examples of what one might focus on when critiquing the introductory materials of a research article

does it state the problem?
purpose clear?
background material (significant?)
questions/hypothesis

50

give examples of what one might focus on when critiquing the methods section of a research article

method reliable/valid
human subjects addressed?
design?
internal/external validity?
data collection process
population./sample

51

give examples of what one might focus on when critiquing the findings of a research article.

data: summarized. statistical power.
how analyzed.
findings
charts/tables

52

give examples of what one might focus on when critiquing the discussion section of a research article

conclusions
based on the data/evidence? or are they pushing an agenda?

53

what is the difference between a critique and a rapid critical appraisal

critique? scientific merit
RCA? practice merit

54

what is the difference between a cohort study and a case control study?

cohort risk for getting the disease
case control participants already have the disease

55

put the following in the correct order:
make recommendation from evidence
sythesize the evidence
rank the evidence
determine strength of evidence
grade the evidence

sythesize the evidence
determine the strength of evidence
rank the evidence
grade the evidence
make recommendation from the evidence

56

what ist he agree-II tool

format to develop your clinical practice guidelines. standard approach.