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Flashcards in Review Questions Deck (20):

Pathology is the study of

a. disease processes
b. infectious diseases
c. neoplasia
d. All of the above



A lesion is a

a. symptom of cancer within the tissues
b. defined area of pathologic tissue alteration
c. cytologic smear
d. tissue biopsy



a biopsy is

a. a surgical procedure
b. performed when the condition cannot be diagnosed with clinical procedures alone
c. obtained in order to determine the definitive diagnosis
d. All of the above



a. involves removal of deep tissue cells for microscopic examination
b. studies individual cells that are within biopsied tissue
c. involves removal a superficial tissue cells for microscopic examination
d. is contraindicated in cases of candidiasis


the first step in the assessment of oral pathology is

a. recognition
b. biopsy
c. cytology
d. laboratory testing


patient assessment

a. includes obtaining medical, dental, and social histories
b. impacts proposed dental care
c. includes physical evaluation of the patient
d. All of the above


which one of the following statements is true?

a. signs are subjective and perceived only by the patient
b. signs are objective and observed by the clinician
c. examples of signs are fatigue, anxiety, and sensations
d. symptoms are observed by both clinicians and patients


inspection is critical appraisal of a patient for pathology and includes

a. examination
b. measurement
c. comparison with normal
d. All of the above


auscultation is

a. tapping on a surface to evaluate the under lying tissue structure
b. the act of listening to body sounds
c. used to determine hypersensitivity of teeth
d. performed using the fingers and/ or hands


laboratory tests to help reach a definitive diagnosis include all of the following EXCEPT

a. urinalysis
b. microbiologic cultures
c. radiographs
d. complete blood count


an excisional biopsy of an oral lesion is performed

a. when a lesion is large
b. to cure the patient
c. when a lesion is small and can be totally removed
d. when a lesion has gone unnoticed for a prolonged period of time


oral cytologic smears are helpful in

a. diagnosing candidiasis
b. evaluation allergic reactions
c. identifying normal antibody titers
d. identifying abnormal antibody titers


pathognomonic features

a. do not include signs
b do not include symptoms
c. are virtually characteristic of a particular disease


a list of diseases that share signs and symptoms is known as

a. a treatment plan
b. the differential diagnosis
c. the definitive diagnosis
d. abnormal variation


a distinct white line is observed bilaterally along the plane of occlusion. it most likely represents

a. linea alba
b. leukoedema
c. Fordyce granules
d. physiologic pigmentation


Fordyce granules

a. appear translucent white or opalescent white
b. occur as consequence of the indentations from the opposing teeth
c. contain melanin pigmentation
d. are ectopic sebaceous glands identical to those normally found in the skin


elongated filiform papillae are more common in patients who

a. smoke or ingest certain medications
b. eat hot or spicy foods
c. have leukoedema
d. have linea alba


which one of the following statement is false about tori?

a. they represent excessive growths of normal bone
b. they are exostoses
c. they may occur in the palate or bilaterally along the lingual aspect of the mandible


which one of the following statements is false?

a. lingual tonsils are found immediately beneath the foliate papillae
b. hairy tongue indicates a serious disease process
c. in the skin, Fordyce granules are oil glands
d. leukoedema is most common in dark-skinned individuals


bullae are

a. small blisters or vesicles 5 mm
c. solid elevations 2 cm