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Flashcards in Review Questions Deck (33):
1

A nurse researcher should be particularly concerned about having a small sample size for which of the following reasons?

There is an increased risk of obtaining a non representative sample

2

A nurse researcher uses the technique of power analysis to do what?

To estimate the target sample size

3

A nurse researcher would hesitate to use non probability sampling because

It will result in less generalizability than if probability sampling were used

4

The nurse researcher selects matching as a technique in a research study. What does the technique of matching in a sampling strategy contribute to the research?

Increased equivalency of the characteristics of the study groups

5

The nurse researcher can most accurately determine sample size by considering which of the following

The design of the study

6

The researcher used word of mouth recruitment strategies to find potential participants that were known by enrolled participants. This is most accurately referred to as what?

Snowball sampling

7

Which of the following is a type of probability sampling?

Stratified random

8

What is the process of selecting representative units/subjects of a population for study in a research investigation?

Sampling

9

A nurse researcher is working with students experiencing test anxiety. Their nurse has the students take a test while she watches through a one way mirror. What does this approach incorporate?

Observation and concealment

10

A nurse researcher would choose physiologic data collection methods for which reason?

Data collected is sensitive and specific to the physiologic process being investigated

11

During a research project, the researcher notes that the subject completes each assigned task with a much higher level of performance than he would normally exhibit. How should a nurse researcher most accurately describe this change in the subjects behavior that is due to reacting to participating in a research study?

Social desirability

12

The training of data collectors to adhere strictly to a standard protocol for collecting data will affect the findings of the study by doing what?

Increasing consistency in data collection

13

What advantage is shared by both interview and questionnaire self report data collection methods?

Both seek to understand the attitudes, beliefs, and feelings of participants

14

What is the nurse researchers primary concern in data collection for research?

Objectivity and consistency in data collection

15

“Are the items appropriately close ended or open ended?” Refers to which data collection method?

Self report measures

16

An instrument that repeatedly and consistently obtains the same results has which of the following?

Reliability

17

When the validity of an instrument is determined, the nurse researcher accesses what?

Stability

18

Compared with a quasi-experimental design, which of these characteristics should a nurse expect to see only in a true experimental design?

Random assignment

19

Control is important in an experimental research study for which of these reasons?

It introduces one or more constants into the experimental situation

20

In a true experimental study which of the following describes the control group?

Receives the placebo treatment or usual treatment

21

Randomization strengthens an experimental study in which of these ways

It decreases the possibility that extraneous variables explain the study results

22

The experimental treatment initiated by a researcher can be described as

Independent variable

23

Which action would increase the control of an experimental study?

Establishing strict criteria for subject selection

24

Which of the following represents a weakness in the quasi-experimental research design, as compared to an experimental research design?

Weaker evidence for a cause and effect relationship between variables

25

A nurse researcher will choose to use a prospective developmental study design to do what?

Allow exploration of the changing nature of relationships between variables over time

26

What is the first question that should be asked in determining whether a cross sectional design versus a longitudinal design should be used in a quantitative study?

What is the nature of the problem being studied

27

A nurse researcher would choose to use a correlational study of multiple variables for which purpose?

To test whether one variable causes another variable

28

How does an experimental research design differ from a non experimental research design?

Nonexperimental designs attempt to test relationships among variables and experimental designs attempt to test cause and effect relationships

29

What threat to internal validity is most closely associated with a longitudinal design?

Mortality effects

30

Which of the following types of developmental studies collects data at only one point in time?

Cross sectional

31

Which of the following is considered to be a nonexperimental developmental study?

Cross sectional

32

Which of the following is a disadvantage to using a survey study design?

Information collected is relatively superficial

33

Why would a nurse researcher choose to use a correlational design for a nonexperimental study?

It represents an efficient method of collecting a large amount of data about a problem.